Thailand

Thailand shares its western border with eastern Burma for approximately 1,800 km (1,118 miles), from north to south,Tanintharyi Region, and Kayin, Kayah and Shan States. These correspond to the locally-defined Karen Districts, Tanintharyi, Dooplaya, Hpa-an and Hpapun all share borders with Thailand. The border between Thailand and Hpapun is marked by the Salween River for approximately 120 km and the border with Dooplaya and Hpa-an is marked by the Moei River which flows north for over 300 km before it joins the Salween. Displaced civilians from eastern Burma have sought refuge in more than eight refugee camps located just inside Thailand’s Mae Hong Son, Tak, and Kanchanaburi provinces, as well as at discreet locations and informal camps all along the border, KHRG has also documented the movement of villagers considered to be ‘economic migrants’, including the exploitative abuse underpinning their decisions to seek employment in Thailand and the facilitation of this movement in some cases by non-state armed groups (NSAGs).The The Border Consortium’s (TBC) most recent figures confirm 137,157 registered refugees residing in Thailand-based camps and an estimated additional 200,000 living outside of these camps in Thailand, as well as more than two million migrants from Burma labouring throughout Thailand.


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