Dooplaya Situation Update: Kyainseikgyi and Kyonedoe townships, November to December 2017

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Dooplaya Situation Update: Kyainseikgyi and Kyonedoe townships, November to December 2017

Published date:
Tuesday, May 8, 2018

This Situation Update describes events occurring in Kyainseikgyi and Kyonedoe townships, Dooplaya District during the period between November and December 2017, including information about education, healthcare, development, livelihoods and military activities.

  • In 2017, Noh Paw Wah School was built in Noh Hpaw Wah village, Kyainseikgyi Township. This school uses the Karen Education Department (KED) curriculum. The school leaders are now facing challenges, however, because the Burma/Myanmar government ordered them to register the school with the Burma/Myanmar education system.
  • On November 10th 2017, a pregnant woman in Htee Saw Shee Nee village, Htee Guh Thaw village tract died during delivery due to inadequate healthcare services and a lack of medical supplies in the village.
  • In December 2017, local people in Kyainseikgyi Township faced challenges with a road construction company called Man Myit Hein Company. The local construction workers were not paid the wages that were agreed upon before they started work. They were threatened by the chief worker known as U Htun. Some workers decided to leave the job without receiving any salary.
  • In November 2017, Tatmadaw Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) #283, led by the Company Commander Myo Khaing Zaw, based in Hset Ko Maing village, Kyainseikgyi Township, entered the restricted area of the local military Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA).  

Footnotes

[1] KHRG trains community members in southeast Burma/Myanmar to document individual human rights abuses using a standardised reporting format; conduct interviews with other villagers; and write general updates on the situation in areas with which they are familiar.  When writing situation updates, community members are encouraged to summarise recent events, raise issues that they consider to be important, and present their opinions or perspective on abuse and other local dynamics in their area.

[2]In order to increase the transparency of KHRG methodology and more directly communicate the experiences and perspectives of villagers in south eastern Burma/Myanmar, KHRG aims to make all field information received available on the KHRG website once it has been processed and translated, subject only to security considerations. For additional reports categorised by Type, Issue, Location and Year, please see the Related Readings component following each report on KHRG’s website.

[3]  A standard refers to a school year in the education system of Burma/Myanmar. The basic education system has a 5-4-2 structure. A Primary school runs from Standard 1 to Standard 5, lower secondary school is Standard 6 to Standard 9, and upper secondary school is Standard 10 to Standard 11.

[4] The researcher here is referencing common community concerns about Burmanisation seen through an increased imposition of Burma/Myanmar government services, including education, in rural Karen areas. For more information see Chapter 3: Education in “Foundation of Fear: 25 years of villagers’ voices from southeast Myanmar,” October 2017

[5] All conversion estimates for the kyat in this report are based on the March 15th 2018 official market rate of 1,327 kyats to US $1.

[6] KHRG has reported on multiple incidents involving LIB #283 causing significant risk to villagers in the local area. For example, one villager was shot at by LIB #283 whilst using the road from Kyaikdon Town in 2014: “Dooplaya Situation Update: Kawkareik, Kyainseikgyi and Kyonedoe townships, May to October 2014,” February 2015, KHRG.

[7] The Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA Benevolent) was formed in 2010 as a breakaway group following the transformation of the majority of the original Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (1994 – 2010) into Border Guard Forces (BGF). This group was originally called the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army until it changed its name to the Democratic Karen Benevolent Army in April 2012 in order to reflect its secularity. This group is comprised of different divisions, including Kloh Htoo Baw Battalion and DKBA-5, and was led for many years by General Saw Lah Pwe aka Na Khan Mway who died in March 2016 and was replaced by General Saw Mo Shay in April 2016. The DKBA (Benevolent) signed a preliminary ceasefire with the Burma/Myanmar Government on November 3rd 2011 and then signed the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) on October 15th 2015. The group is based in Son Si Myaing area, Myawaddy/Kawkareik Township, Dooplaya District, southern Kayin State. This DKBA (Benevolent) (2010 – present) should not be confused with, either the original DKBA (Buddhist) (1994-2010) which was transformed into the BGF in 2010, or with the DKBA (Buddhist) (2016 – present) which was formed in 2016 as a splinter group of the DKBA (Benevolent). Importantly, the DKBA (Benevolent) has signed both the preliminary and nationwide ceasefire agreements with the Burma/Myanmar government, whereas the DKBA (Buddhist) has not signed either agreement.

 

[8] KHRG has received multiple reports on the risk posed to villagers by the presence of military trucks in Karen State, see for example: “Collision between Tatmadaw military truck and a villager’s motorbike in Thandaunggyi Township, Toungoo District, May 2016,” October 2016.