Situation Update | Dooplaya District (August 2011)
The following situation update was written by a villager in Dooplaya District who has been trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. It is presented below translated exactly as originally written, save for minor edits for clarity and security.
Area Situation, April 2011 – August 2011
On April 26th 2011, SPDC [Tatmadaw] IB [Infantry Battalion] #283, based in Meh Naw Ah, shelled a village with mortars and two villagers were injured. The two villagers' names are Saw N---, 40 years old, and Naw N---, 41 years old. One house and [several] things belonging to villagers were destroyed. Three pots belonging to a villager named Saw L--- and one house belonging to Saw G--- were destroyed, and one cow belonging to Saw P--- was injured.
K--- village, Kawkareik Township
On May 13th 2011, commanding officer Win Naing Tun of SPDC Army IB #283, based in K--- army camp, demanded 400 thatch shingles from each [of the following] villages: K---, P---, G---, N---, A--- and O---. They had to deliver the thatch shingles on May 14th 2011.
Presently, villagers cannot work freely. The children can study in school, but villagers must always be aware.
T--- village, Kawkareik Township
On August 23rd 2011, an incident occurred, leading to villagers having to be cautious all the time. [Now] villagers are no longer allowed to wear longyis, rain clothes or traditional palm leaf hats. They [local Tatmadaw forces] only allow villagers to carry umbrellas and wear trousers.
Villagers can no longer work as normal and children can also no longer go to school as normal because the SPDC Army camp is now based in their village. Villagers do not know which battalion [is based in the camps] or who the [commanding] officer is.
I recently received accurate [credible] information on August 24th that SPDC soldiers [from the camp in T---] killed two people. I did not obtain information about who these two people were, but I know one person was a Thai citizen who was returning from his parent-in-law's funeral.
W--- village, Kawkareik Township
On May 30th 2011, KNLA [Karen National Liberation Army] and SPDC soldiers were fighting. After the fighting, SPDC soldiers arrested one villager. They bound him and beat him badly. His name is Saw A---. He is 22 years old. They also demanded three ducks from a villager named Naw P---, 40 years old, and three chickens from a villager named Saw S---, 43 years old.
On June 4th 2011, SPDC Army LIB #208, Column #2 Commander Nay Myo Aung demanded several villages each to provide 35 bamboo poles. The bamboo had to be very tall, ten times the length of one's fingertips to elbow [ten cubits]. Villages which had to cut and send the bamboo poles were M---, Ny---, Dt--- and Gk---, and two people from each village had to go and build [military] shelters in La--- village. If the villagers did not go, they [Tatmadaw LIB #208] would take action [to punish] the villagers.
As of August 28th 2011, some villagers in Kawkareik Township can work as normal and some are having difficulties working. Villagers here are mostly farmers, cultivating hill fields and rubber plantations. Villagers are working, but they work in fear. Armed groups that are active in Kawkareik Township are KNLA Battalion #18, KPF [Karen Peace Force], DKBA [Democratic Karen Buddhist Army] Brigade #5, SPDC LIB #208, and SPDC IB #283. The SPDC units are the ones who oppress the civilians. If the DKBA or KNLA forces attack them, they [Tatmadaw forces] come back and abuse civilians.
Kya In Township
In the Kya In Township area, villagers are mostly farmers, cultivating hill fields and rubber plantations. The children attend school as normal.
On May 18th 2011, Commander Nay Myo Aung of Column #2 of Tatmadaw LIB #208 ordered 90 Kl--- villagers to go and clear [vegetation from] the army camp's perimeter. I know that children were included with the villagers who did this [forced labour].
Waw Raw (Win Yaw) Township
On April 1st 2011, soldiers from SPDC LIB #588's army camp, led by Commander Than Zin La and based in the area of the Doo Wa Koh mountains, arrested U--- villager Saw B---, 25 years old, and they shot him directly in the left side of his chest. He was badly injured and they sent him to Tatmadaw Battalion #588. In Waw Raw Township, villagers can work as normal [without disruption]. KNLA Battalion #16 is [active] there.