Land Confiscation

Land Confiscation

Land confiscation is narrowly defined by KHRG as incidents in which villagers’ access to or use of land is forcibly supplanted by another actor without their consent. Land confiscation often occurs at proposed development, natural resource extraction, or private business sites, including hydro-electric dams, mining and logging projects, and plantation agriculture. Increased militarisation at these sites perpetuates a cycle of land confiscation in areas adjacent to the sites for the development of military camps, roads, or other infrastructure to support the project. This occurs in addition to the large-scale loss of cultivable land, forest, waterways and natural resources due to environmental degradation as a result of development or extractive industrial projects –without compensation for the loss or destruction of land. Because they often accompany increased militarisation, incidents of land confiscation are usually backed by implicit or explicit threats of violence. For this reason, villagers have limited opportunity to negotiate or refuse compensation and overwhelmingly receive no or inadequate compensation for loss of land, crops or other natural resources on which their livelihoods depend. Most households in rural eastern Burma depend on access to land for agrarian livelihoods activities, hill and flat-field paddy farming, animal husbandry, non-timber forest products and other natural resources, and small-scale cash-crop plantations. The loss or destruction of land is singularly devastating for communities, as it destroys the food security of individual families and obliterates the ways in which communities in rural areas support themselves.


E.g., 2017-07-22
E.g., 2017-07-22
  • Mar 08, 2017
    Today, on International Women’s Day (IWD), a day to appreciate women’s rights, Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG) would like to draw attention to the situation of gender equality and women’s rights in southeast Myanmar. The United Nations (UN) has set a theme this year to focus on “Women in the...
  • Feb 02, 2017
    This Interview with Saw A--- describes how he was arrested and sued because of a demonstration, which he and other people held against Kaung Myanmar Aung Company on January 12th 2016 in Toungoo Town, Toungoo District after the company confiscated villagers’ lands.
  • Feb 01, 2017
    This Interview with Naw A--- discusses the ongoing consequences of land confiscation which occurred in 2009 by Asia World Company in Htantabin Township, Toungoo District.
  • Jan 27, 2017
    This Interview with Naw B--- describes events occurring in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District, including land confiscation and livelihood challenges in April 2015.
  • Jan 20, 2017
    This Field Report details major events reported between January 2015 and December 2015 in Toungoo District including: military activities, land confiscation, healthcare, education, drug issues, discrimination against Muslim people, and development projects.


E.g., 2017-07-22
E.g., 2017-07-22


CLICK HERE to find out how you can help.