Land Confiscation

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Land Confiscation

Land confiscation is narrowly defined by KHRG as incidents in which villagers’ access to or use of land is forcibly supplanted by another actor without their consent. Land confiscation often occurs at proposed development, natural resource extraction, or private business sites, including hydro-electric dams, mining and logging projects, and plantation agriculture. Increased militarisation at these sites perpetuates a cycle of land confiscation in areas adjacent to the sites for the development of military camps, roads, or other infrastructure to support the project. This occurs in addition to the large-scale loss of cultivable land, forest, waterways and natural resources due to environmental degradation as a result of development or extractive industrial projects –without compensation for the loss or destruction of land. Because they often accompany increased militarisation, incidents of land confiscation are usually backed by implicit or explicit threats of violence. For this reason, villagers have limited opportunity to negotiate or refuse compensation and overwhelmingly receive no or inadequate compensation for loss of land, crops or other natural resources on which their livelihoods depend. Most households in rural eastern Burma depend on access to land for agrarian livelihoods activities, hill and flat-field paddy farming, animal husbandry, non-timber forest products and other natural resources, and small-scale cash-crop plantations. The loss or destruction of land is singularly devastating for communities, as it destroys the food security of individual families and obliterates the ways in which communities in rural areas support themselves.

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E.g., 2017-09-21
E.g., 2017-09-21

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E.g., 2017-09-21
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