Food Security/Right to livelihood

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Food Security/Right to livelihood

This issue includes food insecurity and the food crisis in eastern Burma. Villagers’ food security is impacted directly by adverse human rights conditions, from the destruction of food and crops during attacks against civilians as part of Tatmadaw counter-insurgency strategy, to forced labour that systematically detracts from the time villagers’ can spend working to provide food for their families. In areas where villagers have experienced prolonged displacement, food shortages are exacerbated by the overcrowding of displaced populations on shrinking areas of cultivable land. In heavily-militarised areas, land confiscation and the planting of landmines impede villagers’ access to land upon which their livelihoods depend. Villagers attempting to transport food supplies covertly have been accused of supporting ethnic armed groups and arrested or executed. The cumulative effect of all of these abuses contributes to the devastation of local livelihoods and undermines food security for villagers across eastern Burma, leading to an enduring food crisis. Villagers address challenges related to food insecurity and constrained access to land by practicing rotating hill field agriculture, returning covertly to cultivate abandoned agricultural areas, securing hidden food stores and pursuing alternative livelihoods wherever possible. To access basic humanitarian goods, villagers may use alternative travel routes to avoid military checkpoints, set up temporary jungle markets in order to trade goods among themselves, and/or secure services provided by the few community-based humanitarian relief groups that can consistently access rural populations in eastern Burma.

CATEGORIZED BY:

E.g., 2017-09-21
E.g., 2017-09-21
  • Sep 20, 2017
    This interview with Saw A--- describes events occurring in Win Yay Township, Dooplaya District, and includes armed groups’ activities, perspectives on the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement, villagers’ livelihoods, education, healthcare and development projects.
  • Sep 18, 2017
    This Situation Update describes events occurring in Lu Thaw Township, Hpapun District during the period between December 2016 and January 2017, including Tatmadaw camp information and activities, the situation for Internally Displaced Peoples (IDPs), villagers’ livelihoods, land confiscation,...
  • Sep 18, 2017
    This Situation Update gives a historical perspective on events occurring in Lu Thaw Township, Hpapun District since 1992, which continue to affect villagers in 2016, including military activities, militarisation, historic Tatmadaw attacks on villagers, civilians being shot on sight, killings, IDPs...
  • Aug 18, 2017
    This Situation Update describes events occurring in Kyainseikgyi Township and Win Yay Township, Dooplaya District in January 2017, including education, road construction, bridge construction, human rights abuses and livelihood.
  • Aug 09, 2017
    This year marks the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP), codifying the individual and collective human rights of indigenous peoples including their rights to culture, identity, language, land, health, and education....

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