Food Security/Right to livelihood

Food Security/Right to livelihood

This issue includes food insecurity and the food crisis in eastern Burma. Villagers’ food security is impacted directly by adverse human rights conditions, from the destruction of food and crops during attacks against civilians as part of Tatmadaw counter-insurgency strategy, to forced labour that systematically detracts from the time villagers’ can spend working to provide food for their families. In areas where villagers have experienced prolonged displacement, food shortages are exacerbated by the overcrowding of displaced populations on shrinking areas of cultivable land. In heavily-militarised areas, land confiscation and the planting of landmines impede villagers’ access to land upon which their livelihoods depend. Villagers attempting to transport food supplies covertly have been accused of supporting ethnic armed groups and arrested or executed. The cumulative effect of all of these abuses contributes to the devastation of local livelihoods and undermines food security for villagers across eastern Burma, leading to an enduring food crisis. Villagers address challenges related to food insecurity and constrained access to land by practicing rotating hill field agriculture, returning covertly to cultivate abandoned agricultural areas, securing hidden food stores and pursuing alternative livelihoods wherever possible. To access basic humanitarian goods, villagers may use alternative travel routes to avoid military checkpoints, set up temporary jungle markets in order to trade goods among themselves, and/or secure services provided by the few community-based humanitarian relief groups that can consistently access rural populations in eastern Burma.


E.g., 2017-03-23
E.g., 2017-03-23
  • Mar 02, 2017
    This Interview with Saw B---, describes events occurring in Lu Thaw Township, Hpapun District, in October 2016, and includes information about the return of internally displaced persons (IDPs), existing army camps, a dam project, and social services such as healthcare, education, and employment.
  • Feb 28, 2017
    This Update describes the situation in Dwe Lo Township, Hpapun District during the period between August and September 2016, including the community perspective on education, military activity, and illegal logging.
  • Feb 20, 2017
    This Interview with Saw A--- and Saw B--- describes events occurring in Hlaingbwe Township, Hpa-an District before September 2016, including forced labour, forced porters, arbitrary demands and fighting between armed groups.
  • Feb 02, 2017
    This Interview with Ma N--- describes arbitrary arrest and torture by Myanmar police occurring in Thaton Township, Thaton District, during the period between June and July 2013.
  • Feb 01, 2017
    This Interview with Naw A--- discusses the ongoing consequences of land confiscation which occurred in 2009 by Asia World Company in Htantabin Township, Toungoo District.


E.g., 2017-03-23
E.g., 2017-03-23


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