Food Security/Right to livelihood

Food Security/Right to livelihood

This issue includes food insecurity and the food crisis in eastern Burma. Villagers’ food security is impacted directly by adverse human rights conditions, from the destruction of food and crops during attacks against civilians as part of Tatmadaw counter-insurgency strategy, to forced labour that systematically detracts from the time villagers’ can spend working to provide food for their families. In areas where villagers have experienced prolonged displacement, food shortages are exacerbated by the overcrowding of displaced populations on shrinking areas of cultivable land. In heavily-militarised areas, land confiscation and the planting of landmines impede villagers’ access to land upon which their livelihoods depend. Villagers attempting to transport food supplies covertly have been accused of supporting ethnic armed groups and arrested or executed. The cumulative effect of all of these abuses contributes to the devastation of local livelihoods and undermines food security for villagers across eastern Burma, leading to an enduring food crisis. Villagers address challenges related to food insecurity and constrained access to land by practicing rotating hill field agriculture, returning covertly to cultivate abandoned agricultural areas, securing hidden food stores and pursuing alternative livelihoods wherever possible. To access basic humanitarian goods, villagers may use alternative travel routes to avoid military checkpoints, set up temporary jungle markets in order to trade goods among themselves, and/or secure services provided by the few community-based humanitarian relief groups that can consistently access rural populations in eastern Burma.

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E.g., 2017-07-23
E.g., 2017-07-23

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E.g., 2017-07-23
E.g., 2017-07-23

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