"Do Not Trespass" Land Confiscation by Armed Actors in Southeast Myanmar

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"Do Not Trespass" Land Confiscation by Armed Actors in Southeast Myanmar

Published date:
Monday, March 11, 2019

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Footnotes

[1] Voice of America (July 2018), “Myanmar Legacy of Land Confiscations by Military Persists”.

[2] Human Rights Watch (July 2018), “’Nothing for Our Land’ – Impact of Land Confiscation on Farmers in Myanmar”.

[3] Human Rights Watch (July 2018), “’Nothing for Our Land’ – Impact of Land Confiscation on Farmers in Myanmar”.

[4] Radio Free Asia (July 2018), “Unused Land Seized From Farmers Has Been Returned, Myanmar Military Says

[5] Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business (August 2018), “MCRB’s comments to Parliament on the Draft Land Acquisition Act”.

[6] Transnational Institute (December 2013), “A Declaration of War on Us”: The 2018 VFV Law Amendment and its Impact on Ethnic Nationalities”.

[7] Frontier Myanmar (November 2018), “Bringing the land use policy to life”.

[8] The Republic of the Union of Myanmar – Ministry of Information (October 2018), “National Land Use Council holds 2nd coordination meeting”.

[9] The Republic of the Union of Myanmar – Ministry of Information (October 2018), “National Land Use Council holds 2nd coordination meeting”.

[10] Myanmar Times (October 2018), “Vice president says country needs National Land Law”.

[11] Pyithu sit translates to ‘people’s militia’. In some parts of Southeast Myanmar, local civilians are conscripted to serve in village or town militia groups.

[12] Karen Human Rights Group (August 2018), Hpapun Interview: Saw Bb---, December 2017”.

[13] This information was taken from an unpublished report received by KHRG.

[14] This information was taken from an unpublished report received by KHRG.

[15] Karen Human Rights Group (November 2017), “Nay Pyi Taw Interview: Daw A---, February 2017”.

[16] Frontier Myanmar (November 2018), “Bringing the land use policy to life”.

[17] Karen Human Rights Group (May 2018), “Hpa-an Interview: Mann F---, March 2018”.

[18] Karen Human Rights Group (May 2018), “Hpa-an Interview: Mann F---, March 2018”.

[19] Karen Human Rights Group (November 2017), “Nay Pyi Taw Interview: Daw A---, February 2017”. 

[20] Karen Human Rights Group (November 2017), “Nay Pyi Taw Interview: Daw A---, February 2017”.

[21] This information was taken from an unpublished report received by KHRG.

[22] This information was taken from an unpublished report received by KHRG.

[23] This information was taken from an unpublished report received by KHRG.

[24] For more information, see UN Economic and Social Council (2005), “Principles on housing and property restitution for refugees and displaced persons”.

[25] Karen Human Rights Group (November 2017), “Nay Pyi Taw Interview: Daw A---, February 2017”.

[26] Karen Human Rights Group (January  2018), “Toungoo Situation Update: Thandaunggyi Township, June to August 2017”.

[27] Karen Human Rights Group (November 2016), “Toungoo Situation Update: Thandaunggyi Township, November 2015 to February 2016

[28] The term ‘mahout’ refers to a person who tends an elephant in South and Southeast Asia.

[29] This information was taken from an unpublished report received by KHRG.

[30] Karen Human Rights Group (December 2014), “Hpapun Situation Update: Bu Tho Township, February to June 2014

[31] This information was taken from an unpublished report received by KHRG.

[32] This information was taken from an unpublished report received by KHRG.

[33] This information was taken from an unpublished report received by KHRG.

[34] Tanintharyi Friends (2018), “Objecting to past land confiscation in Tanintharyi District” (original source in Karen)

[35] This information was taken from an unpublished report received by KHRG.

[36] This information was taken from an unpublished report received by KHRG.

[37] This information was taken from an unpublished report received by KHRG.

[38] This information was taken from an unpublished report received by KHRG.