Suffering in silence? Sexual violence against women in Southeast Myanmar

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Suffering in silence? Sexual violence against women in Southeast Myanmar

Published date:
Monday, December 10, 2018

    

Footnotes

[1] Karen Human Rights Group (2018), “Mergui-Tavoy Interview: Naw H---, February 2018”.

[2] World Health Organisation (2002), “World report on violence and health”, p. 149.

[3] For the purpose of this News Bulletin, the term children refers to persons under 16 years of age, as laid down in Myanmar current Child Law (See Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business (2017), “Children’s Rights and Business in Myanmar”, p.15).  It should be noted that this definition contravenes the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which defines children as persons under 18 years of age.

[4] Myanmar Times (2018), “Sexual assault cases rising in Myanmar”.

[6] Myanmar Times (2018), “Sexual assault cases rising in Myanmar”.        

[9] Karen Human Rights Group (1992), “Testimony of Porters Escaped from SLORC forces”.

[10] Karen Human Rights Group (2017), "Foundation of Fear: 25 years of villagers' voices from southeast Myanmar".

[12] Karen Human Rights Group (1997), “Commentary”.

[14] Karen Human Rights Group (2014), “Toungoo Incident Report: Sexual assault in Thandaunggyi Township, December 2013”.

[16] Karen Human Rights Group (2018), “Hpapun Interview: Naw H---, December 2017”.

[17] This information was taken from an unpublished reportreceived by KHRG.

[18] Karen Human Rights Group (2018), “Hpapun Situation Update: Bu Tho Township and Dwe Lo Township, September 2017 and February 2018”.

[19] Myanmar Times (2018), “Sexual assault cases rising in Myanmar”.  

[20] Karen Human Rights Group (2018), “Mergui-Tavoy Interview: Naw N---, April 2018”.

[21] This information was taken from an unpublished reportreceived by KHRG.

[22]  Karen Human Rights Group (2017), "International Women's Day 2017".         

[23] Karen Human Rights Group (2018), “Mergui-Tavoy Interview: Naw H---, February 2018”.

[24] All conversion estimates for the kyat in this report are based on the October 2018 official market rate of 1557.65 kyats to US $1.

[25] Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (1992), “General Recommendation No. 19: Violence against women”, p. 2.

[26] Myanmar Times (2018), “Sexual assault cases rising in Myanmar”.  

[28] Karen Human Rights Group (2016), “Hidden Strengths, Hidden Struggles: Women’s testimonies from Southeast Myanmar”.

[31] The New York Times (2017), “As Myanmar Democratizes, Women’s Rights Lag Behind”.

[33] Myanmar Times (2018), “Women’s law set for enactment next year”.

[35] Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (2016), “Concluding observations on the combined fourth and fifth periodic reports of Myanmar”, p. 8.