Toungoo Interview: U L---, October 2016
Toungoo Interview: U L---, October 2016
This Interview with U L--- describes land confiscations, livelihood challenges and displacements occurring in Htantabin Township, Toungoo District, between 2012 and 2016.
- Since 2012, villagers in Htantabin Township have reported livelihood challenges as a result of land confiscations and property damage. Companies such as Kaung Myanmar Aung [KMAC] and Shwe Swan Inn have seized lands belonging to local villagers to develop teak plantations, hydropower dams, and gold mines.
- The local community has used different strategies to regain their lands, including purposely seeking to negotiate and communicate with companies and government authorities. However, because of the lack of legal justice and knowledge, villagers have not been successful in protecting their lands. They have faced displacement, threats and legal cases by private companies and the Tatmadaw.
These photos were taken on October 21st 2016 in Gs--- village, Na Ga Mauk village tract, Htantabin Township, Toungoo District. Threse photos show the three interviewees whose land were confiscated by Kaw Myanmar Aung compny. Kaw Myanmar Aung COmpany workers very trained by former Tatmadaw soldier in order to dare to cut and dare to kill in order to protect and work for the company. The company workers cut downs their plantaion trees such as banana and threaten villagers to the count. Due to the land confiscation, lolcal civilains face livelihood challnges and displacement. Local civilains want their lands back in order to secure their family liveihoods. [Photos: KHRG]
 In order to increase the transparency of KHRG methodology and more directly communicate the experiences and perspectives of villagers in southeastern Burma/Myanmar, KHRG aims to make all field information received available on the KHRG website once it has been processed and translated, subject only to security considerations. For additional reports categorised by Type, Issue, Location and Year, please see the Related Readings component following each report on KHRG’s website.
 Kaung Myanmar Aung Company (KMAC) or Kaung Myanmar Aung Group of Companies is a Myanmar-owned business group with investments in teak plantations in Toungoo District, and mining, agriculture, shipping, construction and real estate development within Myanmar. Their chairman is Mr Khin Maung Aye. KMAC have been implicated in land confiscation cases in southeast Myanmar which have included intimidation and threats to villagers who were customary owners of the lands, and launching legal cases against villagers accused of trespassing on the confiscated land. See “Chapter 6: Development, “Foundation of Fear: 25 years of villagers’ voices from southeast Myanmar,” October 2017, KHRG. For an interview with a KMAC day labourer, see “Toungoo Interview: U A---, 2017,” November 2017, KHRG, and for a villager sued of trespassing, “Toungoo Interview: Htantabin Township, November 2015,” June 2017, KHRG.
 Asia World is a Burma/Myanmar company with significant investments in the shipping industry, infrastructure, and plantations in Myanmar. It is known within Burma/Myanmar as Shwe Swan In. Asia World and its additional companies owned by Myanmar national Stephen Law were added to the US Sanctions list in July 2016 due to their historic and continued links to the Burma/Myanmar military regime, see “US extends sanctions, further targets Asia World,” Myanmar Times, May 17th2016. KHRG analysed the impact of Asia World and other private company’s roles in development in Chapter 6: Development, “Foundation of Fear: 25 years of villagers’ voices from southeast Myanmar,” October 2017, KHRG. In KHRG’s operation area of Toungoo District, Asia World constructed a hydroelectric dam resulting in damage to villagers’ land and the relocation of villagers, see “Toungoo Interview: Saw H---, April 2011,” KHRG, September 2012 and continue to develop on land traditionally used by villagers, see “Toungoo Field Report: Slow transitions towards real change, January to December 2015,” January 2017, KHRG. Additionally, in Mergui-Tavoy District, Asia World confiscated villagers’ land for plantations, see “Mergui-Tavoy Situation Update: Ler Muh Lah and Ta Naw Tree Townships, January to June 2015,” KHRG, October 2015.