Hpapun Situation Update: Bu Tho Township, December 2016 to February 2017

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Hpapun Situation Update: Bu Tho Township, December 2016 to February 2017

Published date:
Thursday, July 26, 2018

 

This Situation Update describes events occurring in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District during the period between December 2016 and February 2017. It includes information on Tatmadaw military activities, land administration and water contamination due to gold mining in a local river.  

  • In December 2016, Tatmadaw officers from Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) # 434 demanded five bowls of rice for every acre of agricultural land owned by the local community. The local farmers all refused to give in to the Tatmadaw’s demands.
  • Wealthy villagers came together to mine gold in the Meh Kleh River, close to D--- village. The local community uses this part of the river as an irrigation channel. Because of chemical contamination, agricultural lands have been destroyed and there is a shortage of clean drinking water in the area.

Footnotes

[1] KHRG trains community members in southeast Burma/Myanmar to document individual human rights abuses using a standardised reporting format; conduct interviews with other villagers; and write general updates on the situation in areas with which they are familiar.  When writing situation updates, community members are encouraged to summarise recent events, raise issues that they consider to be important, and present their opinions or perspective on abuse and other local dynamics in their area.

[2] In order to increase the transparency of KHRG methodology and more directly communicate the experiences and perspectives of villagers in southeastern Burma/Myanmar, KHRG aims to make all field information received available on the KHRG website once it has been processed and translated, subject only to security considerations. For additional reports categorised by Type, Issue, Location and Year, please see the Related Readings component following each report on KHRG’s website.

[3] A Tatmadaw Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) comprises 500 soldiers. However, most Light Infantry Battalions in the Tatmadaw are under-strength with less than 200 soldiers. Yet up to date information regarding the size of battalions is hard to come by, particularly following the signing of the NCA.  LIBs are primarily used for offensive operations, but they are sometimes used for garrison duties.

[4] All conversion estimates for the kyat in this report are based on the March 16, 2018 official market rate of 1,339 kyat to US $1.

[5] An Infantry Battalion (Tatmadaw) comprises 500 soldiers. However, most Infantry Battalions in the Tatmadaw are under-strength with less than 200 soldiers. Yet up to date information regarding the size of battalions is hard to come by, particularly following the signing of the NCA.  They are primarily used for garrison duty but are sometimes used in offensive operations.

[6] All conversion estimates for the kyat in this report are based on the June 7, 2018 official market rate of 1,346 kyat to US $1.