Hpapun Situation Update: Bu Tho Township and Dwe Lo Township, September 2017 and February 2018


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Hpapun Situation Update: Bu Tho Township and Dwe Lo Township, September 2017 and February 2018

Published date:
Monday, June 4, 2018

This Situation Update describes events occurring in Bu Tho Township and Dwe Lo Township, Hpapun District during the period between September 2017 and February 2018, including information about a sexual assault on a minor and forced labour.

  • On December 11th 2017, a middle school teacher, U Chit Oo Maung, sexually assaulted a Standard Ten student at Hpapun Basic Education High School. This incident happened at school, while Standard Ten students were staying over at the school because of evening study sessions organised in the lead-up to their examinations.  
  • On October 15th 2017, Border Guard Force (BGF) battalion #1014 Commander Lieutenant Colonel Saw Maung Chit and Officer Bo Saw Tin Win forced villagers to be porters and carry weapons. The villagers were from Meh P’Li [Meh Pree] and Htee Tha Daw Hta village tracts in Bu Tho Township and Lay Poe Hta village tract in Dwe Lo Township to be porters and carry weapons.
  • On January 1st 2017, the Burma/Myanmar government education staff forced local community members of C--- village, Ma Htaw village tract, Dwe Lo Township, to work on school construction without any payment.


[1] KHRG trains community members in southeast Burma/Myanmar to document individual human rights abuses using a standardised reporting format; conduct interviews with other villagers; and write general updates on the situation in areas with which they are familiar.  When writing situation updates, community members are encouraged to summarise recent events, raise issues that they consider to be important, and present their opinions or perspective on abuse and other local dynamics in their area.

[2] In order to increase the transparency of KHRG methodology and more directly communicate the experiences and perspectives of villagers in southeastern Burma/Myanmar, KHRG aims to make all field information received available on the KHRG website once it has been processed and translated, subject only to security considerations. For additional reports categorised by Type, Issue, Location and Year, please see the Related Readings component following each report on KHRG’s website.

[3] A standard refers to a school year in the education system of Burma/Myanmar. The basic education system has a 5-4-2 structure. Primary school runs from Standard 1 to Standard 5, lower secondary school is Standard 6 to Standard 9, and upper secondary school is Standard 10 to Standard 11.

[4] To prepare for Standard 10 matriculation exams in Burma, students often participate in evening study sessions y for up to two months leading up to their examinations. These evening study sessions are often conducted  at a school or a teacher’s house, and students typically stay overnight. 

[5] KHRG has received numerous reports of human rights violations committed by soldiers from Border Guard Force (BGF) Battalion #1014, including killing, torture, violent abuse, explicit threats, arbitrary taxation and demands and land confiscation. For more information, see “BGF Battalion #1014 demands forced labour, asserts heavily militarised presence in villages in Hpapun District, June 2015,” KHRG, December 2015; “Human rights violations by Border Guard Force (BGF) Battalion #1014 in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District, May 2012 to March 2014,” KHRG, July 2015.

[6] All conversion estimates for the kyat in this report are based on the May 14, 2018official market rate of 1,346 kyats to US $1.