Toungoo Situation Update: Thandaunggyi Township & Htantabin Township, January to March 2017


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Toungoo Situation Update: Thandaunggyi Township & Htantabin Township, January to March 2017

Published date:
Thursday, January 11, 2018

This Situation Update describes events occurring in Thandaunggyi Township, Toungoo District during the period between January and March 2017, including livelihoods, healthcare, education, and development.

  • Due to unstable weather and a shortage of water in recent years, villagers in Toungoo District have faced significant livelihood challenges.
  • In KNU controlled areas in Toungoo District, villagers have difficulty accessing healthcare services due to poor transportation conditions. Meanwhile, in Thandaunggyi Town Hospital in the Burma/Myanmar government controlled area, villagers expressed concerns about being prescribed potentially expired medication.
  • Although the education situation in Toungoo District has improved since the preliminary ceasefire was signed in 2012, many students’ access to education is limited by a shortage of teachers and a lack of sufficient middle and high schools.
  • In 2016, Way Hpone Kyaw Company constructed a road from Leik Tho to Shan Lin Pyin, Thandaunggyi Township, Toungoo District without consulting villagers and causing significant damage to villagers’ lands and plantations. No compensation was given for this damage. 


[1] KHRG trains community members in southeast Burma/Myanmar to document individual human rights abuses using a standardised reporting format; conduct interviews with other villagers; and write general updates on the situation in areas with which they are familiar.  When writing situation updates, community members are encouraged to summarise recent events, raise issues that they consider to be important, and present their opinions or perspective on abuse and other local dynamics in their area.

[2] In order to increase the transparency of KHRG methodology and more directly communicate the experiences and perspectives of villagers in southeastern Burma/Myanmar, KHRG aims to make all field information received available on the KHRG website once it has been processed and translated, subject only to security considerations. For additional reports categorised by Type, Issue, Location and Year, please see the Related Readings component following each report on KHRG’s website.

[3] Dog fruit, also known as jengkol, is a bean containing sulphur and a mildly toxic amino acid. It is native to Southeast Asia and is commonly eaten with rice and fish paste.

[4] KHRG has previously reported on the negative impact of road construction by the Way Hpone Kyaw Company in Thandaunggyi Township, including the construction of a road without prior consultation that damaged villagers’ lands and trees and the destruction of a school. Way Hpone Kyaw Company is owned by Bo Kyaw Win and under the control of the Tatmadaw. For more information, please see: “Toungoo Situation Update: Thandaunggyi Township, November 2016 to January 2017,” September 2017, KHRG and “Toungoo Situation Update: Thandaunggyi Township, March to May 2017,” December 2017, KHRG.