Dooplaya Interview: Naw A---, August 2017


You are here

Dooplaya Interview: Naw A---, August 2017

Published date:
Tuesday, November 28, 2017

This Interview with Naw A--- describes her perspective on local issues in Kawkareik Township, Dooplaya District, including women’s rights, development projects and refugee return.

  • The situation regarding women’s rights in Kawkareik Township, Dooplaya District has improved compared to the past because of Karen Community Based Organisations [CBOs]conducting workshops on women’s rights and human rights.
  • The number of female participants in leadership roles at the village and area level has increased in B--- village, Kawkareik Township following increased awareness of the rights of women.
  • CBOs support the villagers in B--- and other villages in Kawkareik Township, Dooplaya District by establishing a water supply project.
  • Save the Children alongside a local partner organisation started an animal loaning scheme. They also loan rice and cash to villagers at low interest rates. According to Naw A---, these schemes are beneficial for the villagers’ livelihoods and prosperity.
  • There are no job opportunities in Kawkareik Township so if refugees return from the refugee camps on the Thai-Burma/Myanmar border, they may face serious livelihood challenges. According to Naw A---, returnees who do not own land will face significant livelihood challenges.


[1] KHRG trains community members in southeastern Burma/Myanmar to document individual human rights abuses using a standardised reporting format; conduct interviews with other villagers; and write general updates on the situation in areas with which they are familiar. When conducting interviews, community members are trained to use loose question guidelines, but also to encourage interviewees to speak freely about recent events, raise issues that they consider to be important and share their opinions or perspectives on abuse and other local dynamics.

[2] In order to increase the transparency of KHRG methodology and more directly communicate the experiences and perspectives of villagers in southeastern Burma/Myanmar, KHRG aims to make all field information received available on the KHRG website once it has been processed and translated, subject only to security considerations. For additional reports categorised by Type, Issue, Location and Year, please see the Related Readings component following each report on KHRG’s website.

[3] All conversion estimates for the kyat in this report are based on the November 9th 2017 official market rate of 1,361 kyat to US $1.

[4] Yaba, which means ‘crazy medicine’ in Thai, is a tablet form of methamphetamine. First developed in East Asia during the Second World War to enhance soldiers' performance, methamphetamine has become increasingly popular in Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Burma/Myanmar where it is typically manufactured. See, Yaba, the 'crazy medicine' of East Asia, UNODC, May 2008; “Woman raped and killed in Pa’an District, October 2012,” KHRG, December 2012; and Chapter IV in Truce or Transition? Trends in human rights abuse and local response in Southeast Myanmar since the 2012 ceasefireKHRG, June 2014.

[5] There has been an increasing amount of farmers being unable to repay their debts and defaults on loans have become more common. For more information see, ‘Defaults up on the back of rising loans disbursed to farmers,’ October 2017, Myanmar Times, and ‘Rescuing Myanmar’s farmers from the debt trap,’ April 2017, The Economist.