Mergui-Tavoy Situation Update: Ler Muh Lah Township, November 2015 to January 2016


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Mergui-Tavoy Situation Update: Ler Muh Lah Township, November 2015 to January 2016

Published date:
Tuesday, August 9, 2016

This Situation Update describes events occurring in Ler Muh Lah Township, Mergui-Tavoy District between November 2015 and January 2016, including military activity, education and healthcare.

  • In Ler Muh Lah Township, the Tatmadaw held their military training in P’Soh Oo village and near P’Nweh Hpoh Kloh village, P’Law area village tract where they have their training buildings. On January 7th 2016, they transported rations by 20 military trucks to Naw Teh village army camp.
  • Both the Karen National Union (KNU) and the Burma/Myanmar government built clinics in the villages in Ler Muh Lah Township. However, while the KNU provide free medicine in their clinics, which benefits the villagers a lot, the villagers have to pay for medical treatment in the Burma/Myanmar government clinics.
  • Regarding education in Ler Muh Lah Township, both the KNU and the Burma/Myanmar government built schools and vocational schools which benefit the villagers a lot.


[1] KHRG trains community members in southeast Burma/Myanmar to document individual human rights abuses using a standardised reporting format; conduct interviews with other villagers; and write general updates on the situation in areas with which they are familiar.  When writing situation updates, community members are encouraged to summarise recent events, raise issues that they consider to be important, and present their opinions or perspective on abuse and other local dynamics in their area.

[2] On January 12th 2012, a preliminary ceasefire agreement was signed between the KNU and Burma/Myanmar government in Hpa-an. Negotiations for a longer-term peace plan are still under way. For updates on the peace process, see the KNU Stakeholder webpage on the Myanmar Peace Monitor website. For KHRG's analysis of changes in human rights conditions since the ceasefire, see Truce or Transition? Trends in human rights abuse and local response since the 2012 ceasefire, KHRG, May 2014. In March 2015, the seventh round of the negotiations for a national ceasefire between the Burma/Myanmar government and various ethnic armed actors began in Yangon, see “Seventh Round of Nationwide Ceasefire Negotiations,” Karen National Union Headquarters, March 18th 2015. Following the negotiations, the KNU held a central standing committee emergency, see “KNU: Emergency Meeting Called To Discuss Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement And Ethnic Leaders’ Summit,” Karen News, April 22nd 2015.

[3] A standard refers to a school year in the education system of Burma/Myanmar. The basic education system has a 5-4-2 structure. Primary school runs from Standard 1 to Standard 5, lower secondary school is Standards 6-9, and upper secondary school is Standards 10-11.