Hpa-an Incident Report: Violent abuse and killing committed by BGF soldiers in Myaing Gyi Ngu Town, Hlaingbwe Township, April 2015


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Hpa-an Incident Report: Violent abuse and killing committed by BGF soldiers in Myaing Gyi Ngu Town, Hlaingbwe Township, April 2015

Published date:
Friday, August 28, 2015

This Incident Report describes the killing of Maung A--- perpetrated by soldiers from Border Guard Force (BGF) Battalion #1011, led by Lieutenant Colonel Soe Naing. The incident happened after local taxi drivers forcibly detained Maung A--- and sent him to the BGF camp due to his drunken behaviour in B--- section, Son Nan Tha Myaing Shwe Myo Taw Zone, Myaing Gyi Ngu Town, Hlaingbwe Township, Hpa-an District on April 23rd 2015. He was beaten by the BGF soldiers and ultimately beaten to death by Saw Maung Thet, a soldier from BGF Battalion #1011. He died as a result of his injuries at 12:15 am on April 24th 2015. Although Maung A---’s siblings requested 10,000,000 kyat (US $8,790.80) in compensation from the BGF, it was finally decided by Myaing Gyi Ngu’s second senior monk U Nyan Ni Ka to give them only 3,000,000 kyat (US $2,637.24). Monk U Nyan Ni Ka made explicit violent threats towards Maung A---’s siblings when they went to claim the compensation from him. Currently, they have only received 500,000 kyat (US $439.70), but they have had to accept this amount of money as they are afraid of monk U Nyan Ni Ka and of repercussions from the BGF. For more information on the violent threats made towards Maung A---’s siblings see “Hpa-an Incident Report: Explicit and violent threats in Myaing Gyi Ngu Town, Hlaingbwe Township, April 2015,”  KHRG, August 2015.


[1] KHRG trains community members in southeast Burma/Myanmar to document individual incidents of abuse using a standardised reporting format; conduct interviews with other villagers; and write general updates on the situation in areas with which they are familiar. When writing incident reports, community members are encouraged to document incidents of abuse that they consider to be important, by verifying information from multiple sources, assessing for potential biases and comparing to local trends.

[2] In order to increase the transparency of KHRG methodology and more directly communicate the experiences and perspectives of villagers in southeast Burma/Myanmar, KHRG aims to make all field information received available on the KHRG website once it has been processed and translated, subject only to security considerations. For additional reports categorised by Type, Issue, Location and Year, please see the Related Readings component following each report on KHRG’s website.

[3] Maung A--- was taken to the BGF camp and beaten on the evening of April 23rd 2015, however as he finally succumbed to his injuries and died at 12:15 am, the actual date of Maung A---’s death is April 24th 2015.

[4] Border Guard Force (BGF) battalions of the Tatmadaw were established in 2010, and they are composed mostly of soldiers from former non-state armed groups, such as older constellations of the DKBA, which have formalised ceasefire agreements with the Burma/Myanmar government and agreed to transform into battalions within the Tatmadaw. BGF battalions are assigned four digit battalion numbers, whereas regular Tatmadaw infantry battalions are assigned two digit battalion numbers and light infantry battalions are identified by two or three-digit battalion numbers.  For more information, see “DKBA officially becomes Border Guard Force” Democratic Voice of Burma, August 2010, and, “Exploitation and recruitment under the DKBA in Pa’an District,” KHRG, June 2009.

[5] All estimates for the kyat in this report are based on the July 14th 2015 market rate of 1,137 kyat to the US $1.