Hpapun Situation Update: Lu Thaw Township, March to May 2014


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Hpapun Situation Update: Lu Thaw Township, March to May 2014

Published date:
Friday, November 28, 2014

This Situation Update describes events occurring in Lu Thaw Township, Hpapun District, during the period between March and May 2014, including Tatmadaw activities, landmines, and the situation regarding civilian livelihoods, health care and education.

  • Local Tatmadaw units supplied and strengthened military camps and conducted a mapping exercise. They also attempted to engage with local communities by communicating with them via radio and providing food and medical supplies; local villagers did not avail themselves of these supplies.

  • Villagers reported that the Tatmadaw was still implementing a shoot on sight policy, and that when travelling they did so in the company of Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) soldiers or home guards as a protective measure.

  • Villagers reported that the presence of Tatmadaw military camps close to their plantations and farms, and landmines laid by the Tatmadaw meant that they could not cultivate their land, and were experiencing food shortages as a result.


[1] KHRG trains community members in eastern Burma/Myanmar to document individual human rights abuses using a standardised reporting format; conduct interviews with other villagers; and write general updates on the situation in areas with which they are familiar.  When writing situation updates, community members are encouraged to summarise recent events, raise issues that they consider to be important, and present their opinions or perspective on abuse and other local dynamics in their area.

[2] In order to increase the transparency of KHRG methodology and more directly communicate the experiences and perspectives of villagers in eastern Burma/Myanmar, KHRG aims to make all field information received available on the KHRG website once it has been processed and translated, subject only to security considerations. For additional reports categorised by Type, Issue, Location and Year, please see the Related Readings component following each report on KHRG’s Website.

[3] 'Home guard' or gher der groups have been organised locally in parts of northern Karen State to address Tatmadaw operations targeting civilians and the resulting acute food insecurity. Villagers interviewed by KHRG have reported that gher der were established with the objective of providing security for communities of civilians in hiding, particularly when those communities engage in food production or procurement activities, and when other modes of protection are unavailable. For more on the gher der see: “Self-protection under strain: Targeting of civilians and local responses in northern Karen State,” KHRG, August 2010.

[4] In Karen, the Burmese phrase Na Ah Pa (SPDC) is commonly used to refer to the Burma/Myanmar government or to Burma/Myanmar’s state army, the Tatmadaw. Many Karen villagers who were accustomed to using the phrase Na Ah Pa (SPDC) continue to use that phrase, despite the official dissolution of the SPDC in March 2011; see: "Mission Accomplished as SPDC ‘dissolved’," Myanmar Times, April 4-10th 2011.

[5] All conversion estimates for the baht in this report are based on the October 7th official market rate of 32.62 baht to the US $1.

[6] A big tin is a unit of volume used to measure paddy, milled rice and seeds. One big tin is equivalent to 10.45 kg. or 23.04 lb. of paddy, and 16 kg. or 35.2 lb. of milled rice.