Nyaunglebin Situation Update: Kyaukkyi Township, July 2014


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Nyaunglebin Situation Update: Kyaukkyi Township, July 2014

Published date:
Thursday, October 9, 2014

This Situation Update describes events occurring in Kyaukkyi Township, Nyaunglebin District in 2014, including Tatmadaw militarisation, villagers’ livelihoods and access to health and education.

  • Villagers’ livelihoods in highland and lowland areas in Kyaukkyi Township are described.
  • In 2014, the Tatmadaw has begun to increase the amount of rations it is transporting through Kyaukkyi Township, using 60 to 70 trucks per trip, as opposed to 40 to 50 trucks per trip in 2013.
  • The Burma/Myanmar government has begun building a new school and clinic in Mu Theh village.


[1] KHRG trains community members in eastern Burma/Myanmar to document individual human rights abuses using a standardised reporting format; conduct interviews with other villagers; and write general updates on the situation in areas with which they are familiar.  When writing situation updates, community members are encouraged to summarise recent events, raise issues that they consider to be important, and present their opinions or perspective on abuse and other local dynamics in their area.

[2] In order to increase the transparency of KHRG methodology and more directly communicate the experiences and perspectives of villagers in eastern Burma/Myanmar, KHRG aims to make all field information received available on the KHRG website once it has been processed and translated, subject only to security considerations. For additional reports categorised by Type, Issue, Location and Year, please see the Related Readings component following each report on KHRG’s Website.

[3] Paddy is rice grain that is still in the husk.

[4] Dog fruit, also known as jengkol, is a bean containing sulphur and a mildly toxic amino acid. It is native to Southeast Asia and is commonly eaten with rice and fish paste.

[5] On January 12th 2012, a preliminary ceasefire agreement was signed between the KNU and Burma/Myanmar government in Hpa-an. Negotiations for a longer-term peace plan are still under way. For updates on the peace process, see the KNU Stakeholder webpage on the Myanmar Peace Monitor website. For KHRG's analysis of changes in human rights conditions since the ceasefire, see Truce or Transition? Trends in human rights abuse and local response since the 2012 ceasefire, KHRG, May 2014.

[6] The Burma/Myanmar school system is comprised of three levels: primary, middle and high school. Primary schools consists of students from standards one to four, middle schools of students from standards five to eight, and high schools of students from standards nine to ten.

[7] All conversion estimates for the Kyat in this report are based on the October 7, 2014 official market rate of 990 kyat to the US $1.