Nyaunglebin Field Report: Human rights conditions during the ceasefire, January to December 2013

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Nyaunglebin Field Report: Human rights conditions during the ceasefire, January to December 2013

Published date:
Friday, September 12, 2014

This Field Report includes information submitted by KHRG researchers describing events occurring in Nyaunglebin District between January and December 2013. It describes different human rights violations and other issues important to the local community, including land confiscation, arbitrary taxation, forced labour, restrictions on the freedom of movement, arbitrary arrest and detention, landmine incidents and militarisation. One of the primary concerns raised to KHRG by villagers regarded the confiscation of land for resource extraction and commercial rubber plantation projects, in Shwegyin and Kyaukkyi townships in particular. Villagers reported that these projects have a negative impact on their livelihoods, the surrounding environment and their ability to travel freely. In Mone Township, landmine incidents continued to be a concern for villagers. Five landmine incidents occurred in the early part of 2013, seriously wounding villagers.

Footnotes

[1] This information was included in an unpublished Situation Update report submitted to KHRG by a community member in Nyaunglebin District.

[2] This information was included in an unpublished Situation Update report submitted to KHRG by a community member in Nyaunglebin District.

[4] Light Infantry Battalion (Tatmadaw) comprised of 500 soldiers. However, most Light Infantry Battalions in the Tatmadaw are under-strength with less than 200 soldiers. Primarily for offensive operations but sometimes used for garrison duties.

[5] All conversion estimates for the Kyat in this report are based on the September 5th 2014 official market rate of 974.99 kyat to the US $1.

[7] This information was included in an unpublished Situation Update report submitted to KHRG by a community member in Nyaunglebin District.

[9] A cubit is a standard measurement for the length of bamboo poles, commonly referred to in Karen as the length from one’s fingertips to one’s elbow, about 45.7 cm. or 18 in.

[10] Infantry Battalion (Tatmadaw) comprised of 500 soldiers. However, most Infantry Battalions in the Tatmadaw are under-strength with less than 200 soldiers. Primarily for garrison duty but sometimes used in offensive operations.

[12] On January 12th 2012, a preliminary ceasefire agreement was signed between the KNU and Burma/Myanmar government in Hpa-an. Negotiations for a longer-term peace plan are still under way. For updates on the peace process, see the KNU Stakeholder webpage on the Myanmar Peace Monitor website. For KHRG's analysis of changes in human rights conditions since the ceasefire, see Truce or Transition? Trends in human rights abuse and local response since the 2012 ceasefire, KHRG, May 2014.

[13] This information was included in two unpublished Situation Update reports submitted to KHRG by a community member in Nyaunglebin District.

[14] This information was included in an unpublished Situation Update report submitted to KHRG by a community member in Nyaunglebin District.

[15] This information was included in an unpublished Situation Update report submitted to KHRG by a community member in Nyaunglebin District.

[16] Strategic Operations Command groups are usually comprised of three to four battalions and a Headquarters. They generally cover an area for defensive purposes, rather than offensive operations.

[19] This information was included in an unpublished Situation Update report submitted to KHRG by a community member in Nyaunglebin District.

[20] This information was included in an unpublished Situation Update report submitted to KHRG by a community member in Nyaunglebin District.