Tatmadaw mortar shelling and other military activities in Hpapun and Toungoo districts, December 2013


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Tatmadaw mortar shelling and other military activities in Hpapun and Toungoo districts, December 2013

Published date:
Tuesday, July 15, 2014

This News Bulletin describes the military activities of Tatmadaw forces in Lu Thaw Township in Hpapun District and Thandaunggyi Township in Toungoo District during December 2013. Local villagers reported that despite the 2012 ceasefire between the Karen National Union and the Burma government, ongoing Tatmadaw military activities including mortar shelling close to civilian areas mean that after decades of displacement, they still do not feel it is safe enough to return to their homes. In Toungoo District, the Tatmadaw fired heavy weapons while they were transporting rations and ammunition to a military base in order to deter attacks by the Karen National Liberation Army. This has caused feelings of insecurity among local villagers who, despite the ceasefire, perceive these activities as preparation for war.[1]


[1] This News Bulletin was written by KHRG office staff and is based on information from a community member from Hpapun and Toungoo districts who has been trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. It summarises information from three incident reports and one situation update from Hpapun District received in March 2014, as well as one incident report and one situation report from Toungoo District received by KHRG in October 2013. In order to increase the transparency of KHRG methodology and more directly communicate the experiences and perspectives of villagers in eastern Burma, KHRG aims to make all field information received available on the KHRG website once it has been processed and translated, subject only to security considerations. For additional reports categorised by Type, Issue, Location and Year, please see the Related Readings component following each report on KHRG’s redesigned Website.

[2] On January 12th 2012, a preliminary ceasefire agreement was signed between the KNU and Burma government in Hpa-an, the capital of Kayin State. The exact terms for a long-term peace plan are still under negotiation. For updates on the peace process, see the KNU Stakeholder webpage on the Myanmar Peace Monitor website. For KHRG's analysis of changes in human rights conditions since the ceasefire, see Truce or Transition? Trends in human rights abuse and local response in Southeast Myanmar since the 2012 ceasefire, KHRG, May 2014.

[3] For excerpts of complaint letters written by some of these IDPs, see “Ongoing militarisation prevents Lu Thaw IDPs from returning home,” KHRG, February 2014.

[4] Military Operations Command. Comprised of ten battalions for offensive operations. Most MOCs have three Tactical Operations Commands (TOCs), made up of three battalions each.

[6] This information is from the situation update written by a KHRG in Toungoo District received by KHRG in December 2013.