Incident Report: Two children injured from DKBA and BGF fighting in Hlaing Bwe, April 2013


You are here

Incident Report: Two children injured from DKBA and BGF fighting in Hlaing Bwe, April 2013

Published date:
Saturday, October 19, 2013

The following incident report was written by a community member who has been trained by KHRG to monitor human rights abuses. The community member described an incident that occurred on April 27th 2013 in Myaing Gyi Ngu town. U H---, the victims’ grandfather and witness to the incident, provided the information. He described how a stray bullet from fighting between the DKBA and BGF Battalion #1014 entered his house and hit his two grandchildren, one year and 6-month-old Naw S--- and 20-day-old Saw L---, while the siblings were sleeping and the elders had left the house to ascertain what was happening after hearing gunshots. U H--- spent 400,000 kyat (US $409.42) to cure his grandchildren, but the BGF operation commander, Major General Maung Maung, only supported him with 30,000 kyat (US $30.71).


[1] KHRG incident reports are written or gathered by community members in Hpa-an District who have been trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. KHRG trains community members in eastern Burma to document individual incidents of abuse using a standardised reporting format; conduct interviews with other villagers; and write general updates on the situation in areas with which they are familiar. When writing incident reports, community members are encouraged to document incidents of abuse that they consider to be important, by verifying information from multiple sources, assessing for potential biases and comparing to local trends.

[2] In order to increase the transparency of KHRG methodology and more directly communicate the experiences and perspectives of villagers in eastern Burma, KHRG aims to make all field information received available on the KHRG website once it has been processed and translated, subject only to security considerations. For additional reports categorized by Type, Issue, Location and Year, please see the Related Readings component following each report on KHRG’s redesigned Website.

[3] The Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA), formerly the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army, was formed in December 1994 and was originally a breakaway group from the KNU/KNLA that signed a ceasefire agreement with the Burma government and directly cooperated at times with Tatmadaw forces. The formation of the DKBA was led by monk U Thuzana with the help and support of the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC), the name of the military government in Burma at that time. For more information on the formation of the DKBA, see "Inside the DKBA," KHRG, 1996. The DKBA now refers to a splinter group from those DKBA forces reformed as Tatmadaw Border Guard Forces, also remaining independent of the KNLA. As of April 2012, the DKBA changed its name from "Buddhist" to "Benevolent" to reflect its secularity

[4] Bo is a Burmese title meaning “officer.”

[5] Border Guard Force (BGF) battalions of the Tatmadaw were established in 2010, and they are composed mostly of soldiers from former non-state armed groups, such as older constellations of the DKBA, which have formalised ceasefire agreements with the Burmese government and agreed to transform into battalions within the Tatmadaw. BGF battalions are assigned four digit battalion numbers, whereas regular Tatmadaw infantry or light infantry battalions are identified by two or three-digit battalion numbers.  For more information, see “DKBA officially becomes Border Guard Force” Democratic Voice of Burma, August 2010, and, “Exploitation and recruitment under the DKBA in Pa’an District,” KHRG, June 2009.

[6] As of July 30th 2013, all conversion estimates for the Kyat in this report are based on the official market rate of 977 kyat to the US $1.