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Thaton, Toungoo and Hpa-an Photo Set: Access to education, February 2012 to January 2013

25th October 2013

This photo set includes 22 still photographs selected from images taken by three community members in Thaton, Toungoo and Hpa-an districts between February 2012 and January 2013. These photographs depict education and barriers to education, including a lack of teachers, lack of financial support, and lack of access to school supplies. In T’Nay Hsah Township, Hpa-an District, a nursery school was established in July 2012. However, in Than Daung Township, Toungoo District, there were schools but no teachers. In M--- village, Than Daung Township, Toungoo District, there is only one teacher who has to teach students of all ages up to grade four. In Billin Township, Thaton District, the school was established by the villagers in 2010 when the villagers returned after being displaced by the DKBA.

Photo Set | Billin Township, Thaton District, Than Daung Township, Toungoo District and T’Nay Hsah Township, Hpa-an District (February 2012 to January 2013)


The following photos were taken by three community members from Thaton, Toungoo and Hpa-an districts who have been trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. They are presented below, censored where necessary for security purposes.[1] The 22 photos below were received along with other information from Thaton, Toungoo and Hpa-an districts, including 371 other photos.

[1] KHRG trains villagers in eastern Burma to document individual human rights abuses using a standardised reporting format; conduct interviews with other villagers; and write general updates on the situation in areas with which they are familiar. [2] It should be noted that the date displayed on the photographs above of December 3rd 2012 is an error; the correct date on which the photographs were taken is December 5th 2012 as stated in the photo caption. This discrepancy is likely to have occurred due to the date being set incorrectly on the camera that the community member used to take these photos. [3] Tharamu (female) ‘Teacher’; Karen term used for any teacher, pastor, or any person to whom one wishes to show respect. [4] The Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA), formerly the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army, was formed in December 1994 and was originally a breakaway group from the KNU/KNLA that signed a ceasefire agreement with the Burma government and directly cooperated at times with Tatmadaw forces. The formation of the DKBA was led by monk U Thuzana with the help and support of the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC), the name of the military government in Burma at that time. For more information on the formation of the DKBA, see “Inside the DKBA,” KHRG, 1996. The DKBA now refers to a splinter group from those DKBA forces reformed as Tatmadaw Border Guard forces, also remaining independent of the KNLA. The DKBA changed its name from “Buddhist” to “Benevolent” in April 2012 to reflect its secularity.


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