BGF #1014 Warrant Officer injures villagers and steals property in Hpapun District, January and May 2013


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BGF #1014 Warrant Officer injures villagers and steals property in Hpapun District, January and May 2013

Published date:
Tuesday, October 1, 2013

This news bulletin is based on information submitted by a community member in May 2013 describing events occurring in Hpapun District between January and May 2013. The community member reported that, in January, Tatmadaw Border Guard Force (BGF) #1014 Warrant Officer Saw Day Day injured a woman and her son when he struck them with a grenade fired from his grenade launcher after demands to be given gasoline were not met. The community member also reported that in May 2013, the same warrant officer stole villagers’ dog fruit for sale elsewhere. According to the community member, villagers are too afraid of the Tatmadaw and BGF to complain to area BGF authorities, despite what they have endured.[1] This news bulletin also updates information found in an earlier KHRG report, “Incident Report: BGF and KNLA grenades injure villagers and their children in Papun District,” July 2013.


[1] This news bulletin was written by KHRG based on information from a community member from Papun District who has been trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions, including 12 interviews, 38 photographs and one situation update received by KHRG in July 2013. 

[2] Border Guard Force (BGF) battalions of the Tatmadaw were established in 2010, and they are composed mostly of soldiers from former non-state armed groups, such as older constellations of the DKBA, which have formalized ceasefire agreements with the Burmese government and agreed to transform into battalions within the Tatmadaw. BGF battalions are assigned four digit battalion numbers, whereas regular Tatmadaw infantry or light infantry battalions are identified by two or three-digit battalion numbers. For more information, see “DKBA officially becomes Border Guard Force,” Democratic Voice of Burma, August 2010, and, “Exploitation and recruitment under the DKBA in Pa’an District,” KHRG, June 2009.

[3] Bo is a common prefix used to refer to a military officer without necessarily signifying his rank.

[4] Although the eyewitness uses the term ‘mortar,’ it is apparent from the community member’s research that she is colloquially describing the M79 shoulder-fired grenade launcher frequently carried by armed groups in Karen State.

[5] Most M79-launched grenades need to travel at least 14 meters before they are primed to explode, meaning the grenade was unlikely to detonate in such a close-range attack.  


As of September 4th 2013, all conversion estimates for the Kyat in this report are based on the official market rate of 969 kyat to the US $1.


Dog fruit, also known as jengkol, is a bean containing sulphur and a mildly toxic amino acid. It is native to Southeast Asia and is commonly eaten with rice and fish paste.