Submission for the 9th UN Secretary-General’s Report on Children and Armed Conflict - Incidents from January to December 2009

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Submission for the 9th UN Secretary-General’s Report on Children and Armed Conflict - Incidents from January to December 2009

Published date:
Tuesday, December 1, 2009

This submission for the UN Secretary General’s annual report on Children and Armed Conflict provides incident details and analysis of grave violations of children’s rights in Karen areas of eastern Burmabetween January and December 2009. The report concludes that the recruitment and use of children and the denial of humanitarian access increased in 2009, that sexual violence remains under-reported in Karen areas, and that killing and maiming, abduction and attacks on schools and hospitals remained a major concern.

Footnotes

[1] During this reporting period, KHRG did research in Kayin State, Mon State, eastern Bago Division, a small portion of southern Kayah State and Tanintharyi Division. In this report, this is referred to in aggregate as “Karen areas.” Districts, townships, villages and rivers in these areas have both Karen and Burmese names, and we have tried to be consistent throughout this report and favour the names referenced by the local people interviewed by KHRG. While districts are identified with Burmese names, their boundaries follow designations used by the Karen National Union (KNU), but not the SPDC. This practice stems from KHRG’s origins in 1992, when the KNU controlled large swathes of territory in the eastern border areas. Though the KNU controls much less territory today, KNU district designations remain more commonly referenced than those outlined by the SPDC. Under SPDC designations, sections of western Nyaunglebin and Toungoo Districts fall within eastern Bago Division, while western Thaton and Dooplaya Districts form part of Mon State. Kyauk Kyi and Shwegyin townships – which the SPDC locate in Bago Division – roughly correspond to Kyauk Kyi, Shwegyin and Mone townships of Nyaunglebin Districts on KHRG's maps. All other locations are in Kayin State. A map of Karen areas in which KHRG conducted research during 2009 is included as Appendix 6. More detailed maps of individual districts can be found on our website, at http://www.khrg.org/maps/index.html