Demands for Intelligence

You are here

Demands for Intelligence

Published date:
Friday, August 22, 2003

The SPDC Army is very much considered an army of occupation by Karen in Karen areas and as such it is almost universally feared and despised.  This, however, does not deter the Army from trying to force the civilians in Karen areas to provide direct help to military operations.  The help can take many forms from forced labour at Army camps as sentries and messengers (see above under ‘General Forced Labour’), to orders to village elders to report information on the activities of everyone in their villages and on any movements of the opposition forces.  Orders demanding village elders to ‘report information’, or to attend meetings to discuss ‘security matters’ or ‘control matters’ are for this purpose.  The elders are thus put in a very difficult situation:  if they report nothing they are accused of withholding information and will be severely punished if the opposition later attacks the SPDC forces in the area, but if they report anything the Army often accuses them of having contact with the rebels.  In many Karen areas the elders are told by SPDC officers that they are responsible for keeping the Army fully informed of all opposition activities, and they are seriously punished if Army units are then subsequently attacked or hear of opposition forces moving through the area.  The punishment often includes the arrest and torture of the village elders, burning of houses and sometimes the relocation of the entire village.

The SPDC Army is very much considered an army of occupation by Karen in Karen areas and as such it is almost universally feared and despised.  This, however, does not deter the Army from trying to force the civilians in Karen areas to provide direct help to military operations.  The help can take many forms from forced labour at Army camps as sentries and messengers (see above under ‘General Forced Labour’), to orders to village elders to report information on the activities of everyone in their villages and on any movements of the opposition forces.  Orders demanding village elders to ‘report information’, or to attend meetings to discuss ‘security matters’ or ‘control matters’ are for this purpose.  The elders are thus put in a very difficult situation:  if they report nothing they are accused of withholding information and will be severely punished if the opposition later attacks the SPDC forces in the area, but if they report anything the Army often accuses them of having contact with the rebels.  In many Karen areas the elders are told by SPDC officers that they are responsible for keeping the Army fully informed of all opposition activities, and they are seriously punished if Army units are then subsequently attacked or hear of opposition forces moving through the area.  The punishment often includes the arrest and torture of the village elders, burning of houses and sometimes the relocation of the entire village.  For example, in Order #355 an intelligence officer writes, “if the rebels plant landmines, lurk for fighting or landmines explode on the roads, hills, ridges, at the entrance or exit gate of the village, or 3 miles around your village, it is the responsibility of the village concerned, so you will have to give fine money of 50,000 Kyat.”  The officer than goes on to say in the same order, “If you know information about the rebels, the place where the rebels plant landmines, you must come quickly to report information to the column.  If you fail, harsh action will be taken for the withholding of information, we are notifying the village females/village males of this.”  In Order #366 an SPDC Captain states, “We know that U aaaa didn’t come to report information to the previous unit.  But you must come when I call now.  Hope that you will come.  There is nothing to worry or be afraid.  Guaranteed.  If you don’t come, you must worry and be afraid.”  The camp commander in Order #396 tells the village head that he knows which KNLA unit passed through the village, how many and what weapons they were carrying, but still tells the chairperson that he, “must tell if this news is right / not right and if a lie is told, it is the responsibility of the chairperson.”

Various kinds of ‘registers’ are also regularly demanded by the Army from the village heads.  These registers show various kinds of information about the village.  For example, Orders #358 and 398 show various formats for ‘registers’ and what information the Army wants collected from the village.  Some orders such as Order #356 and 380 demand such things as the number of males and females over 12 years old, number of houses, number of monasteries, churches and mosques, the number of students and teachers, the number of clinics and medics, the number of bullock carts, buffaloes and cows, the different ethnicities of the villagers, register of political parties, people who used to be members of resistance groups, register of people who have returned from being refugees, and the names of people who are currently refugees.   The SPDC is able to use this information in various ways.  The information on the village population is useful in allocating forced labour and demands for ‘fees’; the crop acreage is used in allocating crop quotas and Army ‘taxes’ based on field acreage, and also to decide on extortion amounts.  The demands for every detail of schools, churches and monasteries are partly so the Army can monitor their activities, but the demands themselves are probably intended as a form of intimidation; villagers and townspeople throughout Burma are often terrified to do anything simply because they believe they think the Army already knows everything about them.  Other such orders (including Orders #356) often demand information such as the number of rice mills, sawmills, bullock carts, elephants and boats in the village, both to allocate ‘fees’ on these things and to demand their use by the Army.

Order #378 is labelled ‘Secret’ and demands the names of any villagers who have gone abroad to work.  The SPDC insists on checking everyone deported back to Burma from Thailand who were arrested as illegal immigrants to determine if they are really Burmese or not or if they have links to opposition groups.  These registers may be used for that purpose.  The order says, “collect the register of people who crossed the border illegally …” indicating that the register may be used to punish those people upon their return.

The orders in this section specifically call on village heads to provide intelligence to the local military, though demands for intelligence are also included in the orders of several other sections in the report.

Order #355 (Thaton)

             To:                                                        Stamp:                                        Date: 17-1-2002
                  Chairperson                         #3 Light Infantry Battalion 
                  xxxx village                          Military Staff Department

Subject:            Giving warning to the village females / village males

(1) Regarding the above subject, if the rebels plant landmines, lurk for fighting or landmines explode on the roads, hills, ridges, at the entrance or exit gate of the village, or 3 miles around your village, it is the responsibility of the village which is concerned, so you will have to give fine money of 50,000 Kyat.

(2) If you know information about the rebels, or the place where the rebels plant landmines, you must come quickly to send the information to the column.  If you fail, harsh action will be taken for the withholding of information, we are notifying the village females/village males of this.

                                                                                                 [Sd.]
                                                                                      Intelligence Officer
                                                                                #3 Light Infantry Battalion

[On the back this order is addressed “To: Chairperson, xxxx village.”  This order clearly lays any responsibility for resistance activity in the area on the villagers.  It also lays out the amount of moneythat must be paid as a fine if any activity occurs.  The ‘harsh action’ referred to in the second paragraph can include arrest and detention by the Army and possibly torture.  Village heads have told KHRG of being held and tortured by SPDC Army units for reporting information, but not quickly enough.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #356 (Thaton)

                                                                                                                               Date: 19-1-2002

Subject:      Informing you to coming to meet and discuss at xxxx Camp

1.         Regarding the above subject, gather the subjects that are shown below in your village.

                        (a) Number of males/females under 12 years old
                        (b) Number of males/females over 12 years old
                        (c) Total number of people male/female
                        (d) Total number of houses
                        (e) Number of monasteries, churches
                        (f) Number of schools and students and the teachers.
                        (g) Number of health departments and medics.
                        (h) Number of bullock carts, buffaloes, and cows.
                        (i) Number of people who hold percussion lock firearms 
                        (j) Family charts

2.         Gather completely the subjects above concerning your village and the other subjects that we should know.  Village Chairperson and the responsible people come without fail to send the information on 22-1-2002 at 9 o’clock and if [you] fail, necessary action will be taken, letting [you]know and you are informed.

                                                                                                           [Sd.]
                                                                                                Camp Commander 
                                                                                                    xxxx  Camp

[On the back this order is addressed “To: xxxx [village], Chairperson.”  When the village head went to the meeting he was also ordered to provide a register of guests who stayed overnight in houses in the village.  These types of registers are used all over Burma to monitor people’s movements.  People can be detained by the military for failure to report overnight guests.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #357 (Thaton)

To:
     Chairperson
     xxxx [village]

                                      Date: 23-1-2002

Subject:            Gather and carry out the year 2002 family register

1.         [Regarding] the above subject, in accordance with the directive of Frontline LIB #2 Battalion, every house must post the year 2002 family register.

2.         Have to carry this out completely within 7 days starting today.  To carry it out, come to stamp the needed stamp, with respect and you are informed.

                                                                                                                   [Sd.]
                                                                                                       Stamp: Chairperson
                                                                                               Peace and Development Council 
                                                                                             xxxx Village Tract, Pa’an Township

[This family registers are lists of all family members staying in a house and they must be posted somewhere on the front of the house.  This is so the SPDC can quickly check who is in the house and see if there is anyone there who should not be.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #358 (Thaton)

                    Stamp:                                   To:                                                           24-1-2002
Frontline #102 Light Infantry Battalion              Village Head
        Column #Headquarters                          xxxx village

            Send the list of the family numbers who are living in xxxx village to yyyy village to arrive on 24-1-2002 according to the table shown below.  If you fail to send, it is the responsibility of the Village Head, you are informed.

                                                                                                    [Sd.]
                                                                                    (for) Column Commander

No

Name

Age

Father’s name

Address

Occupation

Religion

Related

Male

Female

Note

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #359 (Thaton)

                     Stamp: 
Frontline #102 Light Infantry Battalion
         Column #x Headquarters
                                                                 To: 
                                                                       Village Head
                                                                        xxxx village

            Send the register of family numbers living in xxxx village to yyyy [village] on 24-1-2002 like the table show below and if you fail to send it, it is the responsibility of the Village Head, you are informed.

                                                                                                 [Sd.]
                                                                                 (for)  Column Commander

No

Name

Age

Father’s name

Address

Occupation

Religion

Related

Male

Female

Note

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #360 (Thaton)

                      Stamp:                                                                                             28-1-2002
Frontline # 102 Light Infantry Battalion
          Column #x Headquarters
                                                               To: 
                                                                    Village Head (xxxx[village]

            Send the register of family numbers living in xxxx village to yyyy [village] to arrive on 29-1-2002 according to the table show below.  If you fail to send it, it is the responsibility of the Village Head, you are informed.

                                                                                               [Sd.]
                                                                              (for)  Column Commander

No

Name

Age

Father’s name

Address

Occupation

Religion

Related

Male

Female

Note

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

___________________________________________________________________________

Order #361 (Papun)

To:                                                                                                                       3-2-2002
     Chairperson
     xxxx village

1. Send the family register that you were asked to collect on 27-1-2002 with the messenger from yyyyvillage who comes now.  The family register must be given so it arrives today, you are informed.  
2. We informed you to send the family register at the latest on 29-1-2002 to yyyy village but we know that you haven’t sent it yet until today.  
3. Send it along with the messenger who came now and if [you] fail, it is the responsibility of the responsible Head, you are informed.

                                                                                                             [Sd.]
                                                                                           (for)  Column Commander 
Important

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #362 (Thaton)

To:                                                                                                                           17-2-2002
     A'Moe (or) Moe Moe [Mother]
     xxxx [village] (Chairperson)

           We know that there was an unusual situation near the Mother’s village.  Mother, tell about the situation to the messenger who has come.

                                                                                  With thanks,

                                                                                                             [Sd.]
                                                                                                 Camp Commander 

                                                                                                       xxxx Camp

[By ‘unusual situation’ he means resistance activity.  The Camp Commander is telling her that he already knows that resistance forces came to the village and wants to know what happened and who they were.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #363 (Papun)

              Stamp:                                                                                                 Date: 18/2/2002
#3 Light Infantry Battalion 
 Military Staff Department

                        To:
                             Chairperson
                             xxxx village

Subject:            Calling to meet and question

            Regarding the above subject, I have to meet and question the Elder, so as soon as this letter is received now, come quickly without fail to report to yyyy village, you are informed again.

                                                                                                           [Sd.]
                                                                                                Intelligence Officer 
                                                                                     Frontline #3 Light Infantry Battalion 

[When the village elder went to the village the Intelligence Officer also demanded three porters and 2viss [3.2 kgs. / 7.2 lbs.] of chicken.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #364 (Papun)

              Stamp:  
 #3 Light Infantry Battalion
               [Sd.]
  Military Staff Department                        To:
                                                                      Chairperson
                                                                      xxxx village                                 Date: 18/2/2002

Subject:                        Calling the Elder

                        Regarding the above subject, as soon as this letter is received, come quickly to report information to the column at yyyy village, you are informed.  If you fail, it is the responsibility of the Elder, you are informed again.

                                                                                                         [Sd.]
                                                                                              Intelligence Officer 
                                                                                    Frontline #3 Light Infantry Battalion 

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #365 (Papun)

             Stamp:                                                                                                     Date: 18-2-2002
#3 Light Infantry Battalion             To:

 Military Staff Department                  Chairperson
                                                         xxxx village

Subject:            Calling the Elder

            Regarding the above subject, as soon as this letter is received, come quickly to report information to the column at yyyy village, you are informed.  If you fail, it is the responsibility of the Elder, you are informed again.

                                                                                                                  [Sd.]
                                                                                                        Intelligence Officer 

                                                                                           Frontline #3 Light Infantry Battalion

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #366 (Papun)

To:                                                                                                                                21/2/2002
     Ko aaaa 
    xxxx village Chairperson

            I am writing a letter.  I pray for Ko aaaa and the whole village to be healthy and rich.  
            The matter is tomorrow on 22-2-02, Ko aaaa come to report information to yyyy village Army Camp, you are informed.  The matter is nothing unusual.  We want to make a relationship with the village heads from the region and to discuss the situation of the other regions and security matters.  We know that U aaaa didn’t come to report information to the previous unit.  But, you must come when I call now.  I hope that you will come.  There is nothing to worry and be afraid.  Guaranteed.  If you don’t come, you must worry and be afraid.  There is nothing else.

                                                                                        With respect, 
                                                                                              [Sd.] Captain
                                                                                       Company Commander 
                                                                                                yyyy village

[The ‘relationship’ that the Army wants to establish is one wherein the villagers must supply them with information on the movements of resistance forces in the area and guarantee that no landmines or ambushes will occur in their area, or face punishment and fines from the Army.  Note that although he tries to reassure the village head that nothing will happen, he attaches a threat at the end of the order.

______________________________________________________________________________

 Order #367 (Papun)

            Stamp: 
#3 Light Infantry Battalion  
 Military Staff Department                                                                       Date: 22/2/2002

                                                To:
                                                     Chairperson
                                                     xxxx village

Subject:            Calling Chairperson to meet

            Regarding the above subject, Chairperson yourself come quickly to report information and bring along 4 bowls [6 kgs. / 13.6 lbs.] of rice to arrive today to the Frontline LIB#3 Battalion Commander and do not fail.  If you fail, it is the responsibility of the Chairperson, you are informed.

                                                                                                              [Sd.]
                                                                                                    Intelligence Officer

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #368 (Papun)

           To:                                                                                                            25-2-02
                Chairperson xxxx village 
                Chairperson yyyy village 
                Chairperson zzzz village

            I am writing a letter to tell the village Chairperson.  When you come to the meeting tomorrow,[bring] the personal history of school male teachers/female teachers at the villages and [their] addresses and family registers (it is for the villagers).  Also look at how much of the village fence is finished.  You have to report when you come to the meeting.  That is all.

                                                                                                                      [Sd.]
                                                                                                          Camp Commander 
                                                                                                                 xxxx Camp

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #369 (Papun)

            [To:]                                                                                                               2-3-02
                        xxxx [village] 
                        Head
                                          Writing to inform you like this.

Your letter that you are writing [about] the family register, is it finished?  Commander orders you to come and send it quickly.

                                                                              From 
                                                                                            aaaa
                                                                                            xxxx [village]

[This letter was written in Karen from one village head to another on behalf of an SPDC officer.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #370 (Papun)

              Stamp:                           To:                                                                              4-3-2002
Frontline #18 Infantry Battalion           Chairperson (xxxx village)
 Column #x Headquarters

                     Subject:                        Invitation to a meeting.

                         Regarding the above subject, gather the village heads, then a meeting will be held, so come without fail to report to xxxx [camp] on 8-3-2002 at 10 o’clock in the morning, you are informed.

Bring 2 bowls [3 kgs. / 7 lbs.] of rice and curry for the camp commander.

[Sd.]                                                                                Stamp: Column Commander 
                                                                                                      Column #x
                                                                                        Frontline #18 Infantry Battalion

[The IB #18 Battalion Commander told the village heads that they must tell the Army if they see KNU soldiers travelling near the villages.  If the villagers do not go and tell and the Army knows later, severe action will be taken against the villagers.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #371 (Toungoo)

                                                                          Stamp: 
                                                              #48 Infantry Battalion 
                                                                      Date: x-3-02
                                                            #x Company-xxxx Camp

To:
     Secretary

            As soon as this letter is received now, bring the father’s name/his name/age concerning the son of U aaaa who was hurt by the landmine at yyyy and the summary of his personal history.  Come quickly to send the information to xxxx Camp, you are informed.

                                                                                                           [Sd.]
                                                                                          Stamp: Camp Commander 
                                                                                                     xxxx Camp 

[See Order #373 below.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #372 (Thaton)

              Stamp:                                       To:
#118 Light Infantry Battalion                           Village Head
          xxxx [camp]                                       xxxx [village]

      Subject:                        Sending the information to the Army Camp

                        Have to discuss the emergency at xxxx Camp, so come without fail tomorrow on 7-3-2002 at 8 o’clock in the morning, you are informed.  The village head yourself must come.

Place:   xxxx                                                                             [Sd.]
Date:    6-3-2002                                                          Camp Commander 

                                                                                           xxxx Camp

[The ‘emergency’ was that the Army had received information that KNLA soldiers had passed close to the village, but rather than going to chase them, the Army ordered the village heads to get more information.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #373 (Toungoo)

                        Stamp: 
Village Peace and Development Council 
             Than Daung Township
                 Bawgali Gyi Tract                    To:
                                                                     Chairperson
                                                                     xxxx village

Subject:            Bomb explosion (accident)

            Regarding the matter of the case that was complained about in the meeting on March xth, come to the army camp with 3 eyewitnesses to xxxx Army Camp, you are informed.

                                                                                                   [Sd.] x-3-2002
                                                                                              Stamp: Chairperson 

                                                                               Village Peace and Development Council 
                                                                              Bawgali Gyi Tract-Than Daung Township

[The SPDC Army is asking through a village tract chairperson for a village head to send three eyewitnesses to the landmine explosion referred to in Order #371.  The villagers apparently complained about the incident.  The request for eyewitnesses is likely an intimidation tactic as villagers are usually too afraid of what may happen to them later to go to an Army camp to be witnesses.  The result is that nobody goes and the complaint is dropped.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #374 (Thaton)

             To:                                                                                                     Date: 9-3-2002
                  Chairperson 
                  xxxx village (xxxx on the side of the village)

            Letting you know.  Send surely without fail the register of the exact family numbers from the Elder’s village to xxxx Camp on 13-3-2002, you are informed.

                                                                                    [Sd.]  U aaaa, 9/3/2002
                                                                                      Stamp: Chairperson
                                                                        Village Peace and Development Council 
                                                                                yyyy village, Bilin Township

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #375 (Thaton)

                      To:
                                                                                                                          Date: 9/3/2002

                     Letting you know, you are informed.  The matter is to come to send the register of the families, you are informed.

                                    Send and arrive on 12-3-2002.

                                                                                    [Sd.]  U aaaa, 9-3-2002
                                                                         Village Peace and Development Council 
                                                                                      yyyy village, Bilin Township

[On the back this order is addressed “Give to: xxxx Village Head.”]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #376 (Papun)

To:                                                                                                                                  11-3-02
     Head
     xxxx village

             Head, send the information to xxxx Army Camp tomorrow to arrive on 11-3-02 at 07:00 time in the morning, you are informed.

                                                                                                                  [Sd.]
                                                                                                    Company Commander 
                                                                                                           #x Company

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #377 (Toungoo)

                           Stamp:                                                                                        Date: 11-3-2002
   #x Strategic Operations Command Group
Ta Pa Ka
 [Southern Command Headquarters]

                                              To:
                                                   Chairperson
                                                   xxxx village

Subject:            Calling to attend a meeting

            Regarding the above subject, a meeting will be held at yyyy village.  As soon as this letter is received now, Village Chairperson and village mother village father, 2 people, come to report information to yyyy.  If you fail, action will be taken, you are informed.

                                                                                                        [Sd.]
                                                                      (for)  Temporary Strategic Operations Commander  

[On the back this order is addressed “To: Chairperson, xxxx village.”]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #378 (Dooplaya)

                      Stamp:                                       Secret 
Township Peace and Development Council 

           Kya In Seik Gyi Town
                                                                              Township Peace and Development Council 
                                                                              Kya In Seik Gyi Township- Kya In Seik Gyi Town
                                                                              Letter Number: – xx / Oo x (xxx)
                                                                              Date: Year 2002 March 14th 
To:
     Chairperson

xxxx Section/Village Tract Peace and Development Council 
                    Kya In Seik Gyi Township.

Subject:      The matter of collecting the register of the people who go to work illegally in outside countries.

Reference:  TPDC (Ka Ah Sa Ka[Kya In Seik Gyi] 4-12-2002 date letter number; x/x-xx/Oo x

1. Regarding the above subject, your sections and village tracts were finished being informed to collect the register of the people who have crossed the border illegally and go to work outside the country (Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore) countries, and then to send it to this office, but we have seen that you have not sent them yet until today.  
2. Therefore, send the register of the people from your section/village tract who have gone to work illegally outside of the country at the latest on 20-3-2002 and if you fail, it is your responsibility.  The second time you are informed.

                                                                                                      [Sd.]14/3/02
                                                                                                      Chairperson

                                                                                            Thet Naing Oo, Pa/3642
Copy to-
              Strategic Operations Group (Base) Kya In Seik Gyi Town
              Township Police Army Commander Office, Kya In Seik Gyi Town
              Office Receipt

Secret

xxx/xx

[This typewritten letter was distributed to several villages.  It is possible that this register will be used to punish people who have left their villages to work in Thailand or other countries.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #379 (Papun)

                Stamp:                                     To:
Frontline #3 Light Infantry Battalion                Chairperson
             Column #x                                        (xxxx) village                                        Date: 20/3/2002

Subject:            Calling to meet and ask
            Regarding the above subject, as soon as this letter is received now, come to send the information to the column, you are informed.

                                                                                                              [Sd.]
                                                                                                    Intelligence Officer 

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #380 (Dooplaya)

                        Stamp:
Township Peace and Development Council  

              Kya In Seik Gyi Town 
                                                                                  Township Peace and Development Council
                                                                                  Kya In Seik Gyi Township-Kya In Seik Gyi Town
                                                                                  Letter No: x/x-x Dee (xxxxx)
                                                                                  Date: Year 2002, March 20th 
To:
     Chairperson/Village Head
                  xxxx                Section /Village 
     Kya Inn Seik Gyi Town

Subject:       The matter of sending the table of the strength of your section/village.

Reference:        #32 Infantry Battalion, Kya In Seik Gyi Town- 7-3-2002 Date Letter No: xx/xx/Oo x

1. Know that the sending of the data of your sections/villages like below, was demanded by the reference letter.

            (a) VPDC organisation (chairperson, secretary, member)
            (b) Register of number of people (total of ethnicities)
            (c) Register of the houses
            (d) Businesses for living (farming/agriculture/breeding)
            (e) Field acres 
            (f) Register of political parties
            (g) Register of surrendered people 
            (h) Register of people released after lawful action was taken  
            (i) Register of the people who have arrived back after being lost [refugees].  
            (j) Register of the people who are lost until now [currently refugees or internally displaced].
            (k) Register of the people who led during the affair time [past leaders in the resistance].
            (l)  Buddhist monasteries
            (m) Register of the Islam religious schools
            (n) Register of the pagoda trustee members
            (o) Register of the Christian churches
            (k) Register of other religious schools

2.         Therefore, when you send the above data to #32 Infantry Battalion, also send 1 copy to this Township Peace and Development Council Office, you are informed. 

                                                                                                      [Sd.]20/3/02
                                                                                                      Chairperson

                                                                                          (Thet Naing Oo, Pa/3642)
Copy to- 
             Office Receipt/File

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #381 (Dooplaya)

                        Stamp: 
Township Peace and Development Council
              Kya In Seik Gyi town 
                                                                            Township Peace and Development Council 
                                                                            Kya In Seik Gyi Township-Kya In Seik Gyi Town
                                                                            Letter Number: x/x-x/Oo x (xxxx)
                                                                            Date: Year 2002, March 21st 
To:
     Chairperson/village head
                  xxxx                Section/Village 
     Kya In Seik Gyi Town.

Subject:            The matter of sending the register of the people who will attend the section/village regular meeting that is held monthly at the end of the month. 

1.         For holding the monthly discussion meeting concerned with the civilians’ social duties, economy, security for the sections/villages at the end of the month at the performance hall at Kya In Seik Gyi Township, send the register of the names of the chairperson, members and secretary from the sections/villages who will attend the meeting that will be held on the March 31st 2002 Sunday at 12:00 in noon, you are informed.

2.         Therefore, send the register of the names who will meet at the regular monthly meeting at the end of the month to arrive at this office monthly on the 25th with the section/village head, you are informed.

                                                                                                 [Sd.]21/3/02
                                                                                                  Chairperson

                                                                                       (That Naing Oo, Pa/3642)
Copy to-
              Office Receipt/ File

xxx/xx

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #382 (Toungoo)

                       Stamp:                                                                                    Date: 23-3-2002
            #48 Infantry Battalion
              Date: 23-3-2002
         #x Company-xxx Camp

                                                       To:
                                                             Chairperson - Secretary 
I am writing to inform you to know.  The matter is when this letter is received, come quickly to send the information to xxxx [Army] Camp, you are informed and letting you know. 

                                                                                               [Sd.]23-3-02
                                                                                    Stamp: Camp Commander 
                                                                                              xxxx Camp

[On the back this order is addressed “To: Chairperson-Secretary, xxxx village. Date: 23-3-2002”]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #383 (Thaton)

To:                                                                        Stamp: 
     Village Head                                   #118 Light Infantry Battalion 
     xxxx village                                                   Date: 7/4
                                                                      xxxx [camp]

Subject:            Come to the camp.

                        [We] want to know the condition of the bridges that the Village Head’s village takes responsibility for and the acres of sugar cane planted, so come without fail to the [Army] camp on 9-4-2002, you are informed.

                                                                                                          [Sd.]
                                                                                              Camp Commander 
Date: 7-4-2002                                                                            xxxx Camp

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #384 (Papun)

              Stamp: 
  #27 Infantry Battalion
Column #x Headquarters

                      Subject:           Sending the register of the number of the people in the village.

                        Collect the list of the names, ages and occupations from each family who are living in the village, and send it to arrive to the column at yyyy today, you are informed.

Place:   yyyy                                                                                          [Sd.]
Date:    6-5-2002                                                                     Intelligence Sergeant
                                                                                               #27 Infantry Battalion

[On the back this order is addressed to “xxxx [village]”.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #385 (Toungoo)

To:                                                                                                                          Date: 28-5-2002
     Chairperson
     xxxx village

Subject:           Demanding the names for the family register.

            Regarding the above subject, from the Chairperson’s village, Chairperson yourself put all the names on the family register and come to meet at yyyy village, you are informed.

Do as the example below.

No        Name               Age                Father’s name
1           aaaa                 20                     U bbbb

                                                                                                             [Sd.]
                                                                                                      Guerrilla Unit

[A ‘Guerrilla Unit’ is one of the Guerrilla Retaliation Units set up to search out and kill any suspected members of the resistance in Toungoo and Nyaunglebin Districts.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #386 (Papun)

To:                                                                Stamp: 
     Chairperson                           Frontline #63 Infantry Battalion
     xxxx village                               Column #x Headquarters
                                                                                                                        Date: 31/5/2002

Subject:            Informing to come and meet.

            Regarding the above subject, xxxx Village Chairperson yourself, as soon this letter is received now, the elder must come to  report information to xxxx Army Camp, you are informed.

                                                                                                           [Sd.]
                                                                                          Army Camp Commander

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #387 (Dooplaya)

                            Stamp:                           To:                                                10-6-2002
            Frontline #77 Infantry Battalion             Chairperson                              xxxx village 
                         Column #x

            Subject:            Come to report information to xxxx Camp

            Regarding the above subject, you must come every 3 days to report information with the messenger.  Because the Chairperson from xxxx didn’t come to send the information, so when this letter arrives send 500 dogfruits on 11-6-2002 with the messengeryou are informed.

                                                                                                             [Sd.]
                                                                                  (For) Camp Commander Corporal aaaa
                                                                                                        xxxx Camp

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #388 (Dooplaya)

               Stamp:                         To:                                                                       11-6-2002
Frontline #77 Infantry Battalion          Chairperson
            Column #x                            xxxx village

Subject:            Calling a meeting.

            Frontline #88 Light Division Headquarters will hold a meeting with village heads in Kyaikdon, so Chairperson yourself come without fail to report information to Frontline #88 Light Division Headquarters at Kyaikdon to arrive on 22-6-2002, you are informed.

                                                                                                                 [Sd.]
                                                                                                     Camp Commander 
                                                                                                           xxxx Camp 
Note:
        For xxxx Camp, come to send 2 viss [3.2 kgs. / 7.2 lbs.] of durian, 500 [pieces] of dogfruit to arrive on 15-6-2002.

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #389 (Dooplaya)

            Stamp:                                   To:                                                                             11-6-2002
Frontline#77 Infantry Battalion             Chairperson
          Column #x                                xxxx village

Subject:            Calling a meeting.

            A meeting will be held with village heads at the Frontline #88 Light Infantry Division  Headquarters at Kyaikdon, so Chairperson yourself come without fail to report information to the Frontline #88 at Kyaikdon to arrive on 22-6-2002, you are informed.

                                                                                           [Sd.]Captain  
                                                                                       Camp Commander
                                                                                            xxxx Camp

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #390 (Dooplaya)

                         Stamp:                               To:                                                          Date: 17-6-2002
        Frontline #83 Infantry Battalion                 Secretary
                      Column #x                                 Head
                                                                        xxxx village

            Take the village list, school list and monastery list, then come to the camp on 15-6-2002 to arrive at 12 o’clock.

Note:                                                                                                              [Sd.]
                                                                                                          Camp Commander 
                                                                                                                 xxxx Camp

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #391 (Dooplaya)

             Stamp:                             To:                                                                  19-6-2002
Frontline #77 Infantry Battalion             Chairperson
          Column #x                                 xxxx village

Subject:            Come to report information to xxxx Camp.

                        #88 Light [Infantry] Division Headquarters (Kyaikdon) will hold a meeting with Chairpersons.  Instead of June 22nd, you have to send the information on June 29th.  
            Therefore, to coordinate and discuss in advance with all the chairpersons, come to report information to xxxx Camp on 23-6-2002, you are informed.

                                                                                                           [Sd.]
                                                                                              Camp Commander 
                                                                                                     xxxx Camp

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #392 (Dooplaya)

 To:                                                                                                                        4-7-2002
      Chairperson
                   xxxx village

Subject:      Come to report information to xxxx Camp.

Come to report information to xxxx Camp on 6-7-2002 at 11 o’clock in the morning, you are informed.

Note:
      If you fail harsh action will be taken.

                                                                                                                [Sd.]
                                                                                                     Camp Commander 
                                                                                                           xxxx Camp

[When the village head went the soldiers asked her about the movements of the KNLA soldiers around her village.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #393 (Papun)

      Stamp:                                                                                      Date: 11-7-2002
#63 Infantry Battalion
      #x Company 
To:
    Chairperson
    xxxx [village]

               When you receive this letter now, come without fail to report information to the army camp on 11-7-2002 to arrive at 10:00 o’clock.

                                                                                                              [Sd.]
                                                                                          Stamp: Company Commander 
                                                                                                  #63 Infantry Battalion

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #394 (Thaton)

To:                                                                  Stamp:
     Chairperson                               #207 Light Infantry Battalion 

     xxxx Village Tract                                 Battalion Office                                       Date- 13-7-02

Subject:            Invitation to a meeting.

1.         Frontline #44 Light Infantry Division Headquarters must hold a meeting with the village heads in the local villages at yyyy village on 18th of July 2002 at 09:00 hours, so the Elder yourself must report information without fail on 17th of July 2002 to arrive at 4 o’clock in the evening and if you fail, it is the responsibility of the elder, you are informed.
2.         Reply whether this letter was received by the messenger who comes now.

                                                                                                        [Sd.]Captain
                                                                                                   Camp Commander 
                                                                                                   xxxx Army Camp
                                                                                       Frontline #207 Light Infantry Battalion

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #395 (Papun)

To:                                                                                                                                   13-8-02
     Saw aaaa
     xxxx [village]

            As soon as this is letter is received now, come report information to the Strategic Operations Command.  Big Operations Commander wants to meet with Saw aaaa, so he ordered me to inform you.

                                                                                                              [Sd.]
                                                                                                        Chairperson
                                                                                                      xxxx [village]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #396 (Papun)

                           Stamp:                                                                                           17-8-2002
                           LIB#1                                                                                             Saturday
            Battalion Headquarters Office 

            [To:] Chairperson
                      xxxx village

                        We know that the insurgents led by aaaa with 20 people who were each holding small arms, 1 RPG, 1 walkie-talkie entered yyyy village on the 10th day morning and went to xxxx village.  The Chairperson must tell if this news is right / not right and if a lie is told, it is the responsibility of the chairperson.  You must tell truly, we are sending one messenger.

                                                                                            [Sd.] 17-8-2002, SAT[urday]
                                                                                                  Camp Commander 

                                                                                                   xxxx Base Camp

[Orders such as these place the village head in a difficult position.  Obviously the Camp Commander knows that the KNLA had come to the village, but yet he still asks the village head for information.  If the village head says he knows nothing he will be punished, and if he says the news is correct he risks being labelled as helping the resistance and punished anyway.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #397 (Toungoo)

           Village Head (xxxx[village]

xxxx (Column Commander) said to do the register and send it to him.

1. Register of the houses
2. Register of (female/male) numbers.
3. Over 12 years old, under 12 years old.
4. Register of the students.

Send to arrive on 24/8/2002.

[This order was written in Karen and sent from one village chairperson to another.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #398 (Papun)

To:
     Chairperson / Head
     xxxx
 / yyyy / zzzz / vvvv / wwww / uuuu villages

            Collect the data below completely, then the responsible person yourself come without fail to send to arrive on 3-9-2002, you are informed.

                                                                                                           [Sd.] Captain 31/8
                                                                                                                      2002

                                                                                                        Company Commander 
                                                                                                    Frontline IB#51 Company #x
                                                                                                            xxxx Army Camp

List of the monks
 


No

Name of the Bweh [Buddhist degree]

Name of the mother

Name of the father

Wa Daw [how many years in the monkhood

Age

Name of the monastery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 List of the male/female schoolteachers and male/female students


No

Name

Age

Father’ name

School

Grade

Government appointed

Village appointed

Note

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

List of the villagers’ numbers


No

The head of the family

Age

Father’s name

Occupation

Number of males

Number of females

Note

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[On the back this order is addressed to “Head, xxxx [village].”]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #399 (Papun)

[To:] Head,

                   Make the register as below and send [it] to the camp on 4-9-02.

1.  Houses, total number of people, total of the male, female numbers (Each family with list of the names.
2.         Village head, name and age.
3.         School (number of government sponsored, on a self-help basis, monastery, church, Islam schools) 

                                                                                                                 aaaa 1/9/02

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #400 (Dooplaya)

               Stamp:                             To:                                                               Date: 4-9-2002
Frontline #77 Infantry Battalion              Chairperson
            Column #x                                 xxxx village

Subject:            Come to send information to xxxx Camp.

            On 5-6-2002, Chairperson or Secretary yourself come without fail to send the information to xxxx Camp, you are in formed.

                                                                                                                     [Sd.]
                                                                                                          Camp Commander 
                                                                                                               xxxx Camp

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #401 (Papun)

To:
     Chairperson                         aaaa

            Mother, uncle, collect the register of the villagers who entered the DKBA military group, name, age, father’s name, mother’s name, the education level and the places where the villagers are living now, then send with the messenger to arrive on 7-9-2002 at 08:00 time, you are informed.

                                                                                                       [Sd.]Captain 5/9 
                                                                                                     Camp Commander 
                                                                                                    xxxx Army Camp

[On the back this order is addressed to “Chairperson, aaaa, xxxx village.”]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #402 (Papun)

To:                                                                                                                             17-9-2002
     Chairperson
     xxxx village 
     Papun township

Subject:                 Sending the register of family numbers.

            Regarding the above subject, in accordance with the directive of the Column Commander, Major aaaa, from IB#51 Column #x, as soon as this letter is received, collect the register of family lists, total of the houses and total of the male/female numbers from the Elder’s village and send [them] to xxxx Army Camp, you are informed.

                                                                                                                     [Sd.]
                                                                                                 xxxx Warrant Officer bbbb
                                                                                                   (For) Column Commander 

                                                                                                  Frontline IB#51, Column #x
                                                                                                              K’Dtaing Dee

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #403 (Papun)

               Stamp: 
Peace and Development Council 
   K’Dtaing Dee Village Tract

Family register

No

Village Name

Name of the village head

Number of houses

 

Number of people

 

Note

Monastery, school

Male

Female

Total

  

 

 

 

 To arrive
on 19-9-02

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                          Stamp: 
                                                                                            Stamp: (for) Chairperson
                                                                                Village Peace and Development Council 
                                                                            K’Dtaing Dee Village Tract, Papun Township 

[On the back this order is addressed “To: Head, xxxx [village].”]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #404 (Papun)

To:                                                                    Stamp: 
     Chairperson                                Frontline #51 Infantry Battalion
                                                           Column #x Headquarters

                                    Subject:

              Collect the list of village head’s name, number of houses and number of people from xxxx village, then send quickly with the messenger who comes now.

                                                   Your help is requested.

                                                                                                     Frontline #51, Column #x
                                                                                               Temporary K’Dtaing Dee Camp

                                                                                                          [Sd.] 18-9-2002

[This order is a follow on to Order #403 above.  The SPDC officer felt that the village tract chairperson’s order was not exact enough so he wrote this one.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #405 (Dooplaya)

                     Stamp:                       To:                                                                        8-10-2002
            Frontline # [illegible]               Chairperson
                 Column #x                           xxxx village

Subject:            Come to send the information to xxxx Camp.

            Chairperson from xxxx village, when this letter arrives, Chairperson yourself come without fail to report the information, you are informed.

                                                         Do not fail.
                                                                                                           [Sd.] Captain
                                                                                                       Camp Commander 
                                                                                                            xxxx Camp

[When the chairperson went the SPDC officer asked about whether KNLA soldiers were in the area or not, and said that the chairperson had to send information everyday by messenger.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #406 (Papun)

               Stamp:                    To:                                                                       Date: 22-10-2002
    #98 Infantry Battalion               Head
          #x Company                      xxxx village

                        Come to report information to xxxx Army Camp to arrive on 24-10-2002 at 9 o’clock in the morning, you are informed.

                                                                                                     [Sd.]
                                                                                   (For)  Company Commander 
                                                                                  Stamp: Company Commander 
                                                                                              #x Company 
                                                                                        #98 Infantry Battalion

[An officer at the camp told the village head to tell the KNLA soldiers to not come and lay landmines or conduct ambushes along the car road.  SPDC officers sometimes order the village heads to do this, but the village heads often have little influence over the KNLA making it an unrealistic command.  However, the village heads are still held accountable if ambushes take place or landmines explode.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #407 (Papun)

                      Stamp:                    To:                                                            Date: 28-10-2002
            #98 Infantry Battalion              Chairperson
                 #x Company                      xxxx village

            Come to report information to xxxx Army Camp on 29-10-2002, at 8 o’clock in the morning.

                                                                                                            [Sd.]
                                                                                                        xxxx Camp

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #408 (Dooplaya)

                                      Stamp:                          To:
                        Frontline #77 Infantry Battalion          Chairperson
                                   Column #x                             xxxx village

Subject:            Come to send the information.

            Chairperson yourself from xxxx village come to send the information to yyyy village on 30-10-2002.
(Come to arrive at 09:00 hours.)

                                                                                                           [Sd.] Major
                                                                                               (For)  Column Commander

[The column commander asked about the movements of KNLA soldiers in the area and announced that a new battalion would be coming to replace his.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #409 (Papun)

To:                                                                                                                   30/10/2002
     xxxx Village Head

            As soon as [you] receive this letter, come to report information to the Strategic Operations Command. 

                                                                                                    [Sd.]
                                                                                            Captain aaaa 

                                                                                  Strategic Operations Command

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #410 (Papun)

                Stamp:                       To:                                                           Date: 3-11-2002
#534 Light Infantry Battalion            Chairperson
          #x Company                          xxxx village 
                                                        Papun Township

Subject:            Sending the data

            From the Elder’s village; houses, families, number of people under 12 years old, over 12 years old, total numbers of people, monastery and name, age, Buddhist lent, name acquired on attaining monkhood of the presiding monk and quantity of the monks, name and age of the chairperson and father’s name, name and age of the secretary and father’s name, Christian school and whether there are any other religion’s school or not.  If it is there, name, age of the pastor and father’s name.  We also have another emergency matter, so Chairperson or Secretary and one of the school male/female teachers collect the above data and come without fail to yyyy village to arrive on 4-11-2002, you are informed.

                                                                                                              [Sd.]
                                                                                          Stamp: Company Commander 
                                                                                                      #x Company 
                                                                                             #534 Light Infantry Battalion

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #411 (Dooplaya)

              Stamp:                                   To:
Frontline #78 Infantry Battalion                   Chairperson
                                                                  xxxx village  

Subject:            Village Chairpersons must come to report the information.

            Regarding the above subject, Chairperson from xxxx village must come to meet with the new xxxx camp commander on 7-11-2002, you are informed. 

                                                                                                                [Sd.]
                                                                                                    Camp Commander

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #412 (Papun)

               Stamp: 
#350 Light Infantry Battalion 
             Column #x

Subject:         Come to meet.  

            Regarding the above subject, we have to discuss the emergency matter, so Village Chairperson and one villager total two people come (without fail) to meet and report the information to xxxx Camp on 14-11-02 to arrive at 12:00 time noon, you are informed.

Place:   xxxx Camp                                                                                     [Sd.]
Date:    (12-11-02)                                                               Stamp: (For) Column Commander 
                                                                                                #350 Light Infantry Battalion

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #413 (Papun)

               Stamp:                                To:
#350 Light Infantry Battalion                     Chairperson
             Column #x                                   xxxx village

Subject:            Sending the register of family numbers. 

            Regarding the above subject, collect quickly the register of families and register of the number of people in xxxx village, then Village Chairperson yourself come quickly to send [them] to xxxx Camp, you are informed.

Place:   (xxxx Camp)                                                                                    [Sd.]
Date:    (18-11-02)                                                             Stamp: (For) Column Commander 
                                                                                              #350 Light Infantry Battalion

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #414 (Papun)

To:                                                                                                                 Date:23-11-02
     Chairperson

     xxxx village

            Thank you a lot for helping all together from the village.  We know that Village Head is sick, so tell if need medicine.  If the people who are not good are travelling near your village let [us] know at once.

[By ‘people who are not good’ he means KNU/KNLA.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #415 (Papun)

               Stamp:                            To:                                                                            24-11-2002
#350 Light Infantry Battalion                Chairperson
             Column #x                              xxxx village

Subject:            Make inquiries about the engine boat group and reply

            Regarding the above subject, did the engine boats arrived / not arrive at xxxx village yesterday night and if [they] arrived, make inquires exactly to the name of the engine boat, name of the owner, goods included and names of the engine drivers who came with the boats, then reply quickly, you are informed.

                                                                                                                              [Sd.]
                                                                                                                       Mobile Column  
                                                                                                                           LIB#350

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #416 (Papun)

                            Stamp:                   To:                                                                    Date: 25-11-02
            #350 Light Infantry Battalion         Chairperson

                        Column #x                        xxxx village

                                    Collect a list of the names of people who do hill fields in the hills of yyyy west and the name list of the people who do hill fields in the hills of zzzz west, then send them to arrive today by messenger, you are informed.
                                                                                                                      [Sd.]
                                                                                                                 xxxx Camp

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #417 (Papun)

                          Stamp:                            To:                                                           Date: 25-11-02
            #350 Light Infantry Battalion                Chairperson
                       Column #x                                xxxx village

                                    Draw an outline map of the table of xxxx village, in accordance with the village form with the present family numbers, write the names of family in-charge from each house, then collect and present the names of the school and monastery and other buildings, then send it quickly with messenger, you are informed.

                                                                                                                    [Sd.]
1. Chairperson                                                                                        xxxx Camp

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #418 (Dooplaya)

To:                                                                                                                             25-11-02
     Chairperson
     xxxx, New Village, Old Village

As soon as this letter is received now, come without fail to send the information to yyyy village, you are informed.

                                                                                                               [Sd.] 
                                                                                                   Column Commander

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #419 (Papun)

To:                                                                                                                            30-11-2002
     Chairperson
     xxxx village 
                                    As soon as this letter is received, 
collect (1) Village Names (2) Names of the Village Heads (3) Number of male / female teachers (4) Monastery (5) Church (6) School (7) Number of people (8) Number of houses (9) Number of hill fields and Chairperson yourself must come on 1-12-2002 to arrive at 8 o’clock in the morning.  If you do not arrive on time harsh action will be taken, you are informed.

                                                                                                       [Sd.] 2002 Kyaw
                                                                                                    Camp Commander 

                                                                                                          xxxx Camp

[This order was written in red ink as a warning to the village head.]

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #420 (Dooplaya)

To:                                                                                                                                  23-12-02
     Chairperson/Secretary
     xxxx village

Subject:            Come to send the information to the Column Commander.

1. On 21-12-02 at 16:30 hours in the evening, we knew that the insurgents with a strength of about 30 people crossed from yyyy to xxxx.
2. Find out this information and which village they continue going to, when you receive this letter, come quickly to meet and send the information to the Column Commander at Kya In Gyi, you are informed.

                                                                                                                   [Sd.]
                                                                                                   (For) Column Commander

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #421 (Dooplaya)

To:                                                                                                                            28-12-2002
     Chairperson
     xxxx village

            As soon as this letter is received now, come without fail to report information to xxxx Camp.

                                                                                                        Camp Commander
                                                                                                              xxxx Camp

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #422 (Dooplaya)

To:                                                                                                                             17-1-2003
     Chairperson
     xxxx village

            As soon as this letter is received, come without fail to send the information to xxxx Camp.

                                                                                                               Camp Commander
                                                                                                                      xxxx Camp

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #423 (Papun)

To:                                                                                                                                   25/1/03 
     Chairperson

- We have to ask for an emergency so come at once to yyyy.
- If you have the census ready that you collected, bring it.
- If you have an assistant [village] head, bring him. 
- We also want to know the name the presiding monk of the village monastery acquired on attaining monkhood and his history.  (If you don’t know now, okay.)
- We have to call you, because of the Operations Command’s questions.  If finished, we will send you back.
-It is an emergency.  Do not waste time.  Come at once. 

                                                                                                                [Sd.]
                                                                                                        Captain aaaa
                                                                                                              IB#18

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #424 (Papun)

                           Stamp: 
         #340 Light Infantry Battalion 
                     Military Staff 
                                                       To:
                                                                  Chairperson
                                                                  xxxx Village Tract                               Date:4-2-2003

Subject:            Sending yyyy village head.

            Regarding the above subject, yyyy village head is to come and report information to #340 Light Infantry Battalion on February 4th 2003 at 12:00 hours, zzzz Chairperson must go to call [him/her]then send, you are informed.

                                                                                                           [Sd.] Major
                                                                                           Headquarters Company Commander

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #425 (Papun)

               Stamp:                           To:
#365 Light Infantry Battalion                 Chairperson
   Military Staff Department                   xxxx village

                        xxxx Chairperson and Secretary, 2 people, as soon as this letter is received, quickly report the information.

                                                                                                                  [Sd.]
                                                                                                (For) Camp Commander
                                                                                                           xxxx Camp

______________________________________________________________________________

Order #426 (Papun)

            To:
                 Chairperson
                 U aaaa

                        [We] have an emergency matter, so bring the family register and come together with the person who brings the letter now to meet with the column commander.  (Come without fail.)  Also bring 1 servant. 

                                                                                                   [Sd.]
                                                                       Stamp:  Deputy Battalion Commander 
                                                                                      #38 Infantry Battalion

[On the back this order is addressed to “xxxx village.”]